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Sociology1025- week10 Education.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 1020
Professor
Graham Reid
Semester
Spring

Description
Week10­ Education Marx’s view on functions of education: 1.  School as agencies of ideological transmission   ­They are responsible for socializing pupils into an ideology that serves interests of a  capitalist ruling class 2.  The correspondence between work and education   ­Schools mirror the workplace through its hierarchical structures.  ­Teachers give orders pupils obey. Students have little control over their work, just as  the workers in the majority of jobs.  3.  Hidden Curriculum   ­Students learn through the experience of attending school rather than the stated  educational objectives.  ­Dulls the lower class into obedient workers. ­Education maintains social inequality and preserves the power of those who dominate  society.  ­Maintains ideology and status quo that benefit the elites.  Durkheim’s view on functions of education: 1.  Preparing individuals for their adult (work­related) roles  ­People are socialized into the knowledge and skills that a industrialized society  requires; in which work in highly complex and specialized.  2.  Promoting social solidarity  ­Promotes experience of collective behavior and collective consciousness among future  adults that are necessary for the integration of individuals into society.  Weber’s view based on theories ­Confers status and prestige ­Education is a system of rationalization. ­Bureaucracy of education is efficient at producing degrees, BUT takes away individual  creativity in the process.  WHAT DOES EDUCATION DO? The purpose of degrees (Beaver article) 1.  Human capital model   ­Education is a form of capital good that increases individual’s future income and  opportunity for secure jobs.  ­Assumed that skills and knowledge obtained at schools are transferable to jobs. ­Students attend university to get knowledge and skills, 72% od US freshmen went to  school to be able to obtain “better jobs”.  2.  Screening & Sorting   ­Degrees work as heuristics, mental short cuts for employers to save time and effort.  ­Social closure (max weber), credentials are more about providing occupational and  professional groups, and a way of excluding people.  ­Credential society (Randall Collins), rather than job training, there is a reliance on  formal educational credentials
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