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Lecture

Day 5 Foucault Term 2

4 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
Sociology 2240E
Professor
Brendan Murphy

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Description
Social Theory Day 5 Foucault Week 1 History of Problemizations - How things become problems o Think of illness o How it has become a problem for the ministry of health  Leave hand sanitizer all around to make sure society as a whole stays well  Very functionalist History as a thing - Hegel was all about history as a dialectic constantly moving towards freedom - Marx argued it was a dialectic of material modes of production - Anyway what we’re saying here is history is max singular o Everyone follows the same history Archaeology - An historical analysis of archival material; it does not seek to interpret or formulate a deeper meaning linked to traditional history o Digs out these documents (these archaeological artefacts)  No one has really read them because they don’t fit the historical continuity  He looks at these and tries to see what they say about where we are today Genealogy - begins with present (history of the present) - Not about single origins, but ‘humble beginnings’ - Not about a single trajectory of history o Not the linear history we know where we have the one history o Not progressive like the traditional history - Hidden history; not for the truth but reveals lost connections - Think of the family tree o When making it you start with yourself and it becomes this weird mess that you later turn into a tree  Genealogy of your family o Think of genealogy like a genealogy of history or a family tree of history - For me though, I like to think that with genealogy, everything is connected o The way we live our lives today is a reaction to some things that have puttered out ex. slavery ending  There are still ripples with that Discourse - External world/reality does exist, but we don’t have access to it o The world is inconceivable outside of the world of language and senses of interpretation o “Nothing meaningful exists outside of communication”  Stuart Hall - Only conceive or know the world/objects through language - Discourse determines both these meanings and constitutes those objects as objects o Think of an earthquake being described  One explanation: an angry god  One explanation: tectonic plates moving Three Breakdowns 1. Delimiting of field of objects a. It excludes a wide range of phenomenon from existing 2. The definition of a legitimate perspective a. To enter into discourse involves a sense of power or authority i. Someone would need to be an expert to take a “legitimate” perspective on something 3. The fixing of norms for the elaboration of concepts and theories a. No intrinsic order to the world b. Think of plants and animals i. Bacteria was at one point classified as an animal but now it’s its own thing ii. Therefore definitions aren’t fixed c. The categorization has nothing to do with the
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