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AN341 (14)


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Amali Philips

2013-03-25 The Family and Household  Question: What factors contribute to gender equality (or inequality) within households and families? (Reading the Vantinai and the Tuareg) Domestic and public/jural - Meyer Forts: Domestic and Jural dichotomy demoted the status of the domestic to everyday familial relations - The public contained the legal structures of descent groups, legal roles, social order ad exchanges - Michelle Rosaldo: women’s association with domestic relegated them to subordinate roles The myth of the dichotomy - The domestic and public are inextricably connected - Spatial and functional divisions in public. o Women and men are divided in the public by how they even go out – men go out more at night where women go out more during the day. - Kinship and marriage o Women as links between descent groups and households o Role in marriage arrangements o Marriage has ramifications outside the household. - Production and reproduction: (biological and social) o Reproduction in the household is both social and biological . o Related via labour (power or state)  Have more children therefore have more labour  Reproduction is not private, it is very much part of the market place. o State’s intrusion into domestic  In terms of population planning o NRT’s (reproduction enters the market) and ramifications on family - Domestic work and Wage Work o Women’s work is more of an extension outside of the household (most are in the helping or care professions) o Double burden o Parenting, nurturing work contributes to productive work. o Wage work transforms domestic relations. o Domestic influences wage work o Transnational labour and kin work; domestic networks. - Gender o Public impacts gender roles and relations within domestic;  How women work outside and inside the house but yet sometimes the gender dynamics change (there has to be some kind of negotiation between the work done inside the house) o Gender roles within families impact wage work and public policy Household and Family - Household- task oriented residential unit - Family- unit of kinship; family-based household (includes fictive kin) Variations of family/family based households - single parent ( O ) - nuclear (triangle) = ) and children, blended families-formed through remarriage - Extended family – 2 generations or more; patrilineal or matrilineal - Stem-family Household- parents plus one sone and family - Fraternal Join- two brothers and their wives - Matrifocal households- female-centered - Polyandrous extended- fraternal-brothers share a wife or associative- unrelated men share a wife. - House-propert
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