The Family and Household
Question: What factors contribute to gender equality (or inequality) within
households and families? (Reading the Vantinai and the Tuareg)
Domestic and public/jural
- Meyer Forts: Domestic and Jural dichotomy demoted the status of the
domestic to everyday familial relations
- The public contained the legal structures of descent groups, legal roles, social
order ad exchanges
- Michelle Rosaldo: women’s association with domestic relegated them to
The myth of the dichotomy
- The domestic and public are inextricably connected
- Spatial and functional divisions in public.
o Women and men are divided in the public by how they even go out –
men go out more at night where women go out more during the day.
- Kinship and marriage
o Women as links between descent groups and households
o Role in marriage arrangements
o Marriage has ramifications outside the household.
- Production and reproduction: (biological and social)
o Reproduction in the household is both social and biological .
o Related via labour (power or state)
Have more children therefore have more labour
Reproduction is not private, it is very much part of the market
o State’s intrusion into domestic
In terms of population planning
o NRT’s (reproduction enters the market) and ramifications on family
- Domestic work and Wage Work
o Women’s work is more of an extension outside of the household (most
are in the helping or care professions)
o Double burden
o Parenting, nurturing work contributes to productive work.
o Wage work transforms domestic relations.
o Domestic influences wage work
o Transnational labour and kin work; domestic networks.
o Public impacts gender roles and relations within domestic;
How women work outside and inside the house but yet
sometimes the gender dynamics change (there has to be some
kind of negotiation between the work done inside the house)
o Gender roles within families impact wage work and public policy
Household and Family
- Household- task oriented residential unit
- Family- unit of kinship; family-based household (includes fictive kin) Variations of family/family based households
- single parent ( O )
- nuclear (triangle) = ) and children, blended families-formed through
- Extended family – 2 generations or more; patrilineal or matrilineal
- Stem-family Household- parents plus one sone and family
- Fraternal Join- two brothers and their wives
- Matrifocal households- female-centered
- Polyandrous extended- fraternal-brothers share a wife or associative-
unrelated men share a wife.