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Finding & Recording Sites.docx

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Bonnie Glencross

Finding & Recording Sites  Media and mass communications prove major sources for knowledge and learning  Robert Ascher read every article in Life on archaeology to identify major themes (whose finding sites and types of information disseminated) o More than 50% of discoveries were done by non-archaeologists (such as farmers, salesman)  Proves that anyone can participate in archaeology  most by chance  Zakaria Goneim, Egyptian archaeologist falls head-long into an Egyptian tomb  One of the main task of archaeologists is to find and record archaeological sites o The study of place names can help us understand the development of the landscape. Settlers looked at a landscape unfamiliar to them and had to give names to the feature they saw  gives us a clue to many things o Hochelaga meaning “beaver dam” or “beaver lake” was a St. Lawrence Iroquoian 16h century fortified village thought to be near Mount Royal, Montreal  now: dne  Visited by Jacques Cartier, the village had development by the time of Cartier’s return  W.D. Lighthall believed the Dawson site, near McGill to be Hochelaga  Cahiague, a Huron community on Lake Simcoe considered the capital of the Arendarrhonons o Meant: great forest encircled town, or great palisaded fortress, or where there are elms o Samuel de Champlain o Champlain led a war party of Hurons and Algonquians from Cahiague in an attack on an Iroquois village south of Lake Ontario o Both the Ball and Warminster were considered as candidates for Champlain’s Cahiague Cultural Resource Management (CRM) and locating sites  Lithic scatters prove the most common traces of past human activity found in Ontario by surface survey  Artifact densities indicate activity areas and artifact types (deer bone and lithic tools) speak to function of the site (ie. Fall hunting camp) Locating sites on a regional scale  Simple random sample: simplest most frequently used sampling procedure o Involved mapping and collecting artifacts found on the ground  Survey of Reese River Valley involved collecting surface finds, investigating floors of rock shelters, mapping house rings  7000 stone tools catalogued made of 2 dozen types of chart o Can only submit 25% to be identified but which?  Stratified random sample o H
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