BF199 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Sigmund Freud, Sociality, Death Drive

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Civilization and its discontents: society is a good thing but it is also a bad thing, the notion that you are completely free is not true. State of nature: discontent with civilization because of the unhappiness that it produces leads to a fantasy of returning to a(cid:374) id(cid:455)lli(cid:272) state of (cid:374)ature. This i(cid:373)agi(cid:374)ed happi(cid:374)ess of (cid:862)u(cid:374)(cid:272)i(cid:448)ilized(cid:863) people, or of our a(cid:374)(cid:272)estors, is a misperception, or at least impossible to judge. Individual liberty is not an asset of civilization. It was greatest before there was any civilization, but even then it was worthless because no one was in a position to defend it: the development of civilization is the development of restrictions on personal liberty. Sigmund freud civilization and its discontents: as the i(cid:374)(cid:448)e(cid:374)tor of ps(cid:455)(cid:272)hoa(cid:374)al(cid:455)sis, freud"s great (cid:862)dis(cid:272)o(cid:448)er(cid:455)(cid:863) is the u(cid:374)(cid:272)o(cid:374)s(cid:272)ious: What is humanity: there is an endless war between love and death. (1) we desire love (all forms of love). (2)

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