Ancients and Moderns
October 1, 2012
Week 4, Monday
social-historical context in which mark was written:
Helinistic period, from greece and rome.
Alexander the great.
Fusion of all different cultures languages etc.
Religious Syncritism: different ethnicites, food, religion etc
House of israel just fallen apart due to genocide by Romans
Jews are forming armed resistance against the Romans- ends with the destruction of temple in jersulam
in 70 C.E.
Textual contexts (jewish bible etc)
Jews were expecting messiah to conquer the Romans
Christ = the annointed one
Messiah = “ “ “
one way to approach reading gospel of mark:
who is jesus?
Aesthetically Interesting Development:
points out that a surprising feature of the gospels is that they emphasis ordinary normal people in non-
ordinary roles. Comedies made fun of ordinary people. Gospels make a real break with this tradition:
people are treated with great seriousness and sensitivity that you can't find in other literature at the
time. Authors of the gospels- know nothing about them.
Ouerback: Peter- ambivalent in a weak character- lots of doubts and denying jesus. Not a really strong
character and plagued with fears etc.
Question of historical jesus:
points where gospels overlap, or where they don't match up. Hard to identify about jesus. Interpretive
problems. Early part of the 19 century- tons of books writt