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NO101 (17)
Lecture 6

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North American Studies
Kevin Spooner

 Tommy Douglas  Canada and Health Care: The Kinder, More Compassionate Part of North America  The Life of Tommy Douglas  Medicare: What is it? How did we get it?  Tommy Douglas  Born in Scotland  1904 - 1986  Moved to Winnipeg  When first world war broke out, moved back to Scotland so that father could fight for Scotland  Tommy Douglas is another transnational figure  Democratic socialism  It's compatible with capitalism  Seeks to reform capitalism, but not abolish it  Promotes the welfare state  Democratic socialism supports that there should be some fiscal reform in society (wealth redistribution)  The state should perform this redistribution (i.e. employment insurance, welfare, pension, etc.)  Douglas' political ideology is committed to democratic socialism  Hospitalized at age 10 for bone condition (needs knee/leg operations)  His family didn't have money to consult with specialist, so best option was to amputate infected leg  Luckily, a surgeon visited his community and surgeon offered to operate on Douglas to save his leg for free as long as the surgeon's students can view the surgery and learn from it  This final free surgery saves his leg, and quite possibly, his life  Douglas feels that healthcare should be equitable  His father is a WW1 veteran  He comes back in Canada to work in hard labour; doesn't get a lot of hours; their family struggles financially  Living in poverty though there's a income  Doesn't attend school much so that he and his sister can work  Helps family gain a bit of stability  Winnipeg General Strike ("Bloody Saturday")  Mounted police charge a crowd of protesters and end up killing two protesters  Douglas is a religious man, and his religious views help to shape his politics  Douglas goes to a college run by a Baptist Church  The Great Depression  1929 - 1935  Douglas moves to Saskatchewan (one of the hardest hit areas during the depression)  Hardships he witnesses causes him to believe that only political action will be the answer to Canadian struggles  Joined the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) --> now presently the NDP  Runs for election in 1935 and wins a seat  In mid-1940s, leaves federal politics and returns to provincial politics  Leaves the CCF  Becomes premiere of Saskatchewan for the next 17 years  He forms the first socialist gov't in all of North America  His gov't was known for efficiency and innovation  Passed 100 laws in one term  Developed Sask. Infrastructure  Paid down provi
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