PO110 Lecture Notes - Noblesse Oblige, Negative Liberty, Positive Liberty

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Po110 October 4th, 2012
Week 4- Ideology
-left- social democracy
- right- fascism or conservative
- middle- modern democracy
French Revolution- the people sat left/ right based on beliefs in the senate
Cycle
- Political order- stability- based upon everyone understanding their position in the world/ society
o Allows the society to achieve what it needs to achieve
o Noblesse oblige- nobility is obliged to look after the poor so they can fill their social role (political
order)
o Peasants need to serve, farm and make sure you recognize the order, don’t question authority
- When reason is applied is this appropriate? If you don’t agree you would create an entirely new system and run
your country this way
Nature- Locke; people can do as they please, everyone is born equally and free and our politics should reflect this
Hobbs- state of nature is bloodshed and war
-need to choose blood/ death or give up your personal power to a government even if this means a monarch
A priori born knowledge (before anything)
Mills- liberty is natural to humans (born free)
-born free means all are born equal (person= person)
Democracy = means to an end
-liberty + equality (freedom) (ECC) * debatable terms
-which definition of liberty should we fight for?
-how do we give everyone freedom? Not through monarchy/ top down system
-democracy is a bottom up system (giving people a voice)
Depending on country/ beliefs liberty means different things to everyone
- Ex. Freedom of speech, of action, from oppression, religion, equality, ability to select a leader (voting)
Negative liberty- freedom from (absence of restrictions)
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Document Summary

French revolution- the people sat left/ right based on beliefs in the senate. If you don"t agree you would create an entirely new system and run your country this way. Nature- locke; people can do as they please, everyone is born equally and free and our politics should reflect this. Hobbs- state of nature is bloodshed and war. Need to choose blood/ death or give up your personal power to a government even if this means a monarch. Mills- liberty is natural to humans (born free) Born free means all are born equal (person= person) Liberty + equality (freedom) (ecc) * debatable terms. Democracy is a bottom up system (giving people a voice) Depending on country/ beliefs liberty means different things to everyone. Freedom of speech, of action, from oppression, religion, equality, ability to select a leader (voting) Positive liberty- liberty to (empowerment despite constraints to do something) achieve your potential.

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