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Lecture 17

PS101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety Disorder


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PS101
Professor
Don Morgenson
Lecture
17

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PS101 Nov. 11, 2010
Psychology 101
Final midterm will be cumulative
Anxiety disorders
- Among the most common; single largest category
- 17% of all Canadians suffer from some sort of anxiety disorder
- Existentialists would argue that all of us have ontology (study of nature of human beings)
disorder
- Those who move past the anxiety grow
Symptoms of Anxiety
1. Very high levels of diffused but negative emotions
2. Feat of uncontrollability
- Perceived control is fundamental
3. Shift to self-focus
- “What’s happening to me is all that’s important”
Anxiety is expressed in a variety of ways and takes a variety of form
1. Panic attacks/Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- Anxiety is unfocused
2. Phobias
- Anxiety is highly focused as long as you can avoid your fear
3. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Anxiety increases if you do not perform those behaviours
4. Somatic
5. Dissociative disorder
- Develops a multiple personality
Panic attacks
- To be diagnosed, you must have 4 attacks within a 4 week period
- Females struggle with panic attacks more than males
- A panic attack occurs suddenly, unexpectedly,
- Derealisation: the real world looks unreal
- Depersonalization
- “What’s familiar is no longer familiar”
- Trigger
- Cued or uncued?
- Only 9% of panic attacks occur at home
- Agoraphobics cannot leave their home
- Generalized anxiety disorders admittedly a low level disorder
o Excess worry about money, health, family, work
o Secondary anxiety: worry about worry; worried that anxiety will take over their lives
socially
Post-traumatic stress disorder
- Not unusual to experience a great deal of stress after trauma
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