Social Psychology Lecture 6
Some desirable qualities people may have, not really clear definitions, to
What does it mean for somebody to be intelligent? But not one gold standard
we can use to determine if someone is intelligent or not.
o What makes someone intelligent?
o Even when there’s an objective standard
Tend to define intelligence in our own strengths and abilities.
Selfserving tendency, to feel good about ourselves
Determine how studious someone is by looking at how long they put into
Ex/ Figuring out whether target is studious (who studies 19 hours/week)
2 perceivers, one studies 36 hours a week, one studies 5 hours a week.
The perceiver that studies only 5 hours a week is gonna think that the target
is very studious. Not so much from the 36 hours a week perceiver.
How do we learn about ourselves?
introspection ▯ the process whereby people look inward and examine
their own thoughts, motives, and feelings
o we have “inside information”
o only accounts for about 8% of thoughts are introspective
o based on an experienced sampling study*
o may be inaccurate
Reasons for Feelings
Schacter’s TwoFactor Model
o Emotion = Arousal + Label (Cognition)
Any emotion we have is composed of two basic ingredients
Arousal that is triggered by something in our environment, palms start
to sweat, heart rate increases
Then we label it, look to environment for cues that tell you what it is
that you’re doing
What we feel depends on how we label arousal, based on external
Potential for misattribution of arousal Schacter & Singer (1962)
gave people a pill
half was a placebo
other pill was enough to give you a little arousal
then tried to influence the labels that people would have of that
people given placebo were told it was a placebo
people given the pill were told it was a legit pill
some people were given the pill but told it was a placebo
people that were given the placebo did not feel aroused
people that were given the pill did not feel aroused because they knew
why they felt aroused
Failures of introspection
though we don’t always know the reasons for our feelings or
behaviours, we do readily explain them
if the weather is bad out, then we will feel crappy
causal theories ▯theories we generate about the causes of our feelings
o but how accurate are our theories?
“telling more than we can know” Nisbett and Wilson
ex/ diary study of moods
o measured mood and other factors for 5 weeks
o at end, asked students how much each factor affected their