Intentional injury to another person by assault (threat) or battery (act) ~ since criminals typically have no financials compensation for injuries are void. ~ typically awarded compensation for injuries or punitive damages (if unprovoked) If employee attacks customer, employer may be liable as well . Employer is liable for actions of subordinates (vicarious liability) Force confinement: confinement against ones will (results in prison < 10 years) ~ can restrain one committing a crime but with reasonable force. Libel: defamation in permanent form (written) = civic + criminal. Trespass onto ones property by unlawful entry or without consent. Conversion: refusal to give back goods to rightful owner. Owner is awarded money in same value of goods. Slander of goods: telling people the competitors goods are defective, shady or injurious. Slander of title: telling lies to build doubt towards competitor"s rightful ownership of goods. Breach of confidence: bribing employees to spill trade secrets.