ANTH 1120 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Institutional Racism, Deindustrialization

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14 Aug 2016
chapter 5 —disease
impossible for people to get
better without the help of the
church but there’s a moral
code. Strict ideological code
between injury and moral failing.
Pastor Tim sees all poor black
people are a blight.
generalization does more bad
than good, since solution is to
remove these ppl. i.e. pastor
jeffrey brown, boston. He went
out to talk to people suffering
from violence. in eastwood,
there’s underlying ideology that
does harm to people
amy: uses church services but
doesn’t buy in church’s religious
narratives. refuses to embrace
religion but doesn’t want to
leave past behind. church
makes you accept blight and
commit to church, then you’re a
clean slate. amy wants to take
from church but her purpose is
her own not the church’s. so
Amy is a renegade—she wants
to harness the resolve injury
affords her to intervene in the
cycle of poverty and addiction
that brought her to the church
in the first place. she doesn’t
want people to use the church
services, this is her intervention.
healing: for the church ir occurs
at the intersection of clinical and
moral understandings of illness.
focus is on medicine and
correct individual behaviour.
amy, about addressing the
situations that made her
situation inevitable in the first
place. all the traps become
visible to her, and needed to
talk about it. Injury gave her
perspective. Not a question of
medicine, church blames
individual so faith is only
solution. Amy blames herself
but also place blame on context
of social life she lived. She
accepts responsibility in the
social context. Church explains
it in terms of moral failing while
she sees it in context of where
she grew up. amy and church
narrative work together
perfectly but diverge in
approach of healing to broader
whereas church’s narrative is
about one’s failing. Amy’s story
resonates with people
struggling to survive in their
everyday lives: it shows what is
possible when one commits to
fighting injury. Similar to Justin,
everyone with injury resonates
to him. a COLLECTIVE
eastwood. she is a community
level activist, the audience are
kids who feel trapped and
abandoned. What amy and ther
do they make obvious that they
all hare a profile of issues and
problems, everyone is
struggling, poor, can become
addicted, etc. foundation is set
for resistance to a collective
not having this shared
perspective impedes this social
change since the sphere or
habits is not seen as
destructive. Target audience for
justin and amy is gangs. dance
battles done to outperform
other gang members. a way to
work out gang rivalries without
violence. Gang members want
to practice dancing in the
church. do this since they see
the message in bible study as
being critical or their lives, of
moral failing and sin. they resist
by performing a dance the
church associates with
degenerate behaviour. critique
of mode of healing the church
promotes. healing with
abandoning what the church
believes is seen as morally
degenerate, potential to commit
injury. Gang members and Amy
do not buy into church narrative
Fatima: takes advantage of
church but decided to put on
interpretative dance to deal with
her pain. In the performance,
gang is respectful since they
understand what she’s going
through (see themselves in her)
and she’s using dancing to
express herself, message is not
as important.
both amy/fatima refuse to buy
wholeheartedly into the roles
assigned to them by the
church. 2. both ammy/fatima
and the gang are forced to
interact with the church in order
to do what they want to do—>
church gives them resources,
youth made to participate in the
organization but reject the
terms/rules of the organization.
They only use these
organizations to achieve
something else. All renegades,
using what’s available to them
so as to do something imp. to
by healing and telling one’s own
story of healing, those suffering
from injury create resilience that
is inspirations to others in same
position. so both Justin and
Amy are symbols. Symbol of
resilience. renegade in amy
resonates with gang members.
the encouraging of young
people to know that they can
stand up to what’s holding
them down and keeping them
back, and that this standing up
can be done on their own
terms, against the forces that
would channel their lives one
way or another. The message:
we are all renegades.
Renegades can realize their
dreams. How does this
combine with the previous
chapter help us think about the
possibility of social change in
potential for social change:
injury is a driver of positive
transformation. it troubles what
young ppl know and disease
reveals what they already have.
both can move people out of a
perspective. the message is:
they are already actors and can
in fact follow their dreams. the
more they try to take your life
again, the more you need to
act. being a renegade allows
you to understand your own
conclusion: shouldn’t just
explain away violence as act of
gang members. it troubles our
tendency to point violence into
small urban poor communities.
deindustrialization and social
abandonment are part of this
story. Many have hope for
better lives but violence often
inescapable. anybody could be
the kid. and representation of
east woof as violent guettos
homogenize ppl in here. they
reproduce institutional racism.
ralph makes us re look of what
we hear. Who was Derrion?
honour student. what was the
social context that led to his
death? gangs operate
everywhere since have always
functioned in eastwood,
everyone has connection to
gang i.e. any family member.
personal identities related to the
gang. who you are is mediated
through the gang by the gang.
what aspects of everyday life
put lives at risk? How did
external forces shape the
circumstances of his death?
symbol of railroad. abandoned
railroad—> gentrification
created poverty, african
americans leaving the south
looking for work. war on drugs,
american foreign policy which
fuels drug trade. Community
institutions cut off from outside.
No capital on eastwood, no
work available, drugs become
cheaper etc. kid wasn’t
random. Treating Derrion’s
death as just another example
of gang violence in the ghetto
makes the event invisible. Just
another statistic, reproduces
racism and violence
amy and justin’s interventions
encourage young people to see
things differently. encourage
them their desires for a better
life. Ralph is trying to put cycle
into perspective, warns us that
we isolate overtime we ‘refresh
our web browsers’. that we
isolate every time we become
affixed to a representation of
places like eastwood. i.e.
watching violence videos just
for fascination reproduces the
violence itself. 1. become
critical, look past framing of
things, ask questions and make
connections. i.e. figure out my
connection to eastwood 2. be
reflexive, question your
assumptions and reactions.
you’ve been taught to think and
react in certain ways… who
does it profit?
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