Class Notes (838,386)
Canada (510,872)
York University (35,470)
Anthropology (639)
ANTH 3120 (35)
Lecture

January 13: Coping with Tourists

5 Pages
73 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 3120
Professor
Karl Schmid
Semester
Winter

Description
COPING WITH TOURISTS • commodization doesn't necessarily damage • financial benefit, preservation and identifying culture • what commodization does and what authenticity is are culturally constructed • narratives of the Science Centre • want to tell you the story of something, want you to think about this place in a specific way • 3 discussion questions ◦ something related to theory, your key analysis ◦ something that you questioned about the site itself Coping with Tourism • Jeremy Boissevain • What are the possible social and cultural effects of having extensive tourism in your community? ◦ sometimes tourists outnumber locals ◦ beyond this enclaving effect • Questions of presence and pervasiveness ◦ way for your country to make money, but it's a very different kind of business ◦ changes the spatial dynamics of a place • Questions of power ◦ operate on a number of different levels ◦ inequalities of income • Questions of whose interests? ◦ who is really going to benefit from this? ◦ who are the stakeholders in tourism? ▪ people who have jobs in the tourist industry ▪ companies ▪ different levels of government that might have different interests ▪ businesses versus the community ▪ who is the money going to be balanced out • What about the 'host' and the 'guest'? ◦ dimensions of tourism and relationship that of the guest and host, discoursive language of tourism that is fairly pervasive ◦ implies a level of interpersonal invovlement ◦ often times mixed up with this kind of commerical economy: the hospitality industry ◦ pretending to be in that kind of relationship of the host and guest ◦ to what extend do these categories overlap, is it a technique of power in some ways? ◦ can mask some of the dynamiques going on • The industry of forced smiles ◦ have to smile all the time, emotional aspect to the job ◦ particularly in tourism, being the pleasant host ◦ national campaigns of people smiling, even educate children in schools about what tourism means, be a strong citizen and welcome the tourists and provide a cordial and welcoming atmosphere ◦ makes sense on one level, good to be welcoming, customer service ◦ is whose interest is this? ◦ people get frustrated with this, and it can effect tourism and change the whole dynamics Negative Issues • crowding roads • scanty clothing • heavy use of public facilities • loud, lecherous behaviour • inflated prices for food, rent • subject of stereotypes • infrastructure under pressure • divisions within communities • lack of privacy (photography) • "ugly American" behaviour • "Demonstration" effect • Environmental degradation • Lack of privacy • Pricing out of livelihoods Cultural Tourism • Double: Edged: • negatives but also some relative positives: ◦ can lead to some infrastructure development ◦ while there may be commoditization of culture, this may result in increased self-confidence, a positive image within the country, valuation of cultural practices ◦ greater familiarity with "the world" Case Study of Goreme • open museums, open space that is also demonstrating history and culture • not a big draw on the tourist circuit, but it's iconic enough • Hazel Tucker Questions concerning Goreme • how does a tourist destination develop and change? • What does 'local and global coming together' really mean? Does the local change? How do people cope? • How can we understand chnage and agency at the destination? Peasants and entrepreneurs • "peasant sociality" and the "limited good" • capitalist relations and competition • before they were farmers • the rock is very porous, perfect place for birds to nest • farmers would use structures, carving them from the inside, and create pigeon towers that would provide natural fertilizer • things worked along kinship networks • also competition, one of the ways that peasants competed was through this peasant sociality • they competed to remain equal ◦ trying to maintain a kind of equality within a group ◦ competing in a way that you demonstrate that you feel and represent those feelings of equality ◦ acting in a way that is most likely that everyone can participate ◦ if someone starts doing better, other people are affected ◦
More Less

Related notes for ANTH 3120

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit