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Class Notes for Cognitive Science at York University

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Frontal Lobe, Visual Acuity, Solidity
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COGS 2160 Lecture 14: Innateness Object Perception February 27, 2018 We have the capacity to perceive objects, identify boundaries o Is this something were born with? o Or do we learn this through experience? Piagets Theor...

Cognitive Science
COGS 2160
Jacob Beck
COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Artificial Neural Network, Hebbian Theory, Unsupervised Learning
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COGS 2160 Lecture 11: Neural Networks II Learning February 8, 2018 Learning in Neural Networks Two types of learning: o Supervised (requires feedback) The experimenter has to tell the ...

Cognitive Science
COGS 2160
Jacob Beck
COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Turing Machine, Connectionism, Default Rule
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COGS 2160 Lecture 12: Neural Networks III Applications February 13, 2018 Connectionist Networks vs. Physical Symbol Systems Physical symbol systems o Discrete representations throughout ...

Cognitive Science
COGS 2160
Jacob Beck
COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Inductive Reasoning, Causal Inference, Concept Learning
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COGS 2160 Lecture 13: Probabilistic Models of Cognition February 15, 2018 2 Types of Inference Deductive o E.g. All humans are mortal. Socrates is human. Therefore, Socrates is mortal. o Concl...

Cognitive Science
COGS 2160
Jacob Beck
COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Bird Flight, The Algorithm, Peripheral Vision
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COGS 2160 Lecture 5: Milestones IV Marrs Theory of Vision January 18, 2018 Marrs book on vision is recognized as one of the most promising contributions to cognitive science It helped us understand how vision works It also...

Cognitive Science
COGS 2160
Jacob Beck
COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Artificial Neuron, Connectionism, Parallel Computing
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COGS 2160 Lecture 10: Neural Networks I Basics Motivations February 6, 2018 Introducing Connectionist Networks Connectionist networks are based on the brain and connections between neurons but they try to abstract away fr...

Cognitive Science
COGS 2160
Jacob Beck
COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Occipital Lobe, Parietal Lobe, Frontal Lobe
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COGS 2160 Lecture 6: Milestones V Two Visual Pathways January 23, 2018 The Cerebrum The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain The cerebral cortex is the outermost layer of neurons o Involved in higher processes like me...

Cognitive Science
COGS 2160
Jacob Beck
COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Computer Simulation, Hermann Von Helmholtz, Multimodal Distribution
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COGS 2160 Lecture 4: Milestones III Mental Imagery January 16, 2018 The Computational Theory of Mind Turing machines suggest the following model of the mind: o The mind contains (unconscious) representations that carry inf...

Cognitive Science
COGS 2160
Jacob Beck
COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Noam Chomsky, Language Acquisition Device, Lookup Table
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COGS 2160 Lecture 3: Milestones II Language January 11, 2018 Language was one of the first concepts explained by cognitive science When behaviourism was the dominant paradigm, it was hard to describe language Noam Chomsky ...

Cognitive Science
COGS 2160
Jacob Beck
COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Note-Taking, Mobile Phone, Dependent And Independent Variables
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COGS 2160 Lecture 1: Core Principles of Cognitive Science January 4, 2018 Core Principles of Cognitive Science 1. The mind can be studied scientifically o There is a specific way to study the mind o It is a scientific appr...

Cognitive Science
COGS 2160
Jacob Beck
COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Physical Symbol System, Logic Theorist, Allen Newell
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COGS 2160 Lecture 7: Classical Architectures I Physical Symbol Systems January 25, 2018 Review: Core Principles of Cognitive Science 1. The mind can be studied scientifically 2. Need an interdisciplinary approach 3. Mental...

Cognitive Science
COGS 2160
Jacob Beck
COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Modus Tollens, Modus Ponens, Language Of Thought Hypothesis
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COGS 2160 Lecture 8: Classical Architectures II The Language of Thought The Frame Problem January 30, 2018 Core idea of cognitive science: Mental processes are computational o Involve purely mechanical operations over phy...

Cognitive Science
COGS 2160
Jacob Beck
COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Turing Machine, Computable Function, Behaviorism
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COGS 2160 Lecture 2: Milestones I Turing Machines January 9, 2018 An Early Inspiration for Cognitive Science The computer o It helped to legitimize appeals to internal states Before cognitive science, people studied the mi...

Cognitive Science
COGS 2160
Jacob Beck
COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Chinese Room, Turing Test, Intentionality
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COGS 2160 Lecture 9: Classical Architectures III Intentionality The Chinese Room February 1, 2018 The Chinese Room *Described well in textbook* Searle believes that there is more to understanding Chinese than simply manip...

Cognitive Science
COGS 2160
Jacob Beck
COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Mental Representation, Mind, Intentionality
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Lecture #13 Mental Representation & Symbolic Systems (1) Information-processing  Behavior can’t just be explained in terms of stimulus-response  Various types of evidence indicate that human and non-human animals pr...

Cognitive Science
COGS 2160
Muhammad Ali Khalidi
Laboratory Basics - Reference Guides

Lab safety is the cornerstone principle in this compelling Guide. All international safety symbols are clearly defined, with all basic lab glassware and equipment depicted by text description and diagrams. The Guide also p...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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