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Lecture 6

CRIM 3656 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Kilmainham Gaol, Michel Foucault, Jeremy Bentham


Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRIM 3656
Professor
Anna Pratt
Lecture
6

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CRIM 3656 – Lecture 06 – Discipline and Risk “From Discipline to Risk”
1. Michel Foucault punishment and technologies of power
Michel Foucault is more focused in liberation and freedom
He questions explanatory claims of social relations that proposed a new grant
truth that explained everything
Foucault developed a new way of approaching punishing, he was more interested
in examining punishment from the bottom up rather than the other way – society
is a organic smoothly functioning whole
Capitalist modes of production
Foucault started talking about penal institutions, how they exercised control and
how they were constructed, what forms of knowledge’s these practices portrayed
Foucault was to examine the “birth of the prison and discipline and punishment”
Unlike Durkheim Foucault not interested in social solidarity or linking
punishment with the reproduction of capital punishment like Karl Marx
Robert Francois Damien’s – the last person to be executed for the crime of
regicide in attempt to murder King Louis the 13th
Fauchers timetable for the house of young prisoners (View slides for timeline)
- Each year represents a DIFFERENT penal style that has evolved over the years
- Not the development of humanizing modes of punishment, but rather the prison
represented a transition in the form of power from sovereign to disciplinary of
power (or to the body to the soul)
- This was an example of more ‘gentler’ modes of power which makes people
behave in particularly desirable ways rather than coercive and controlling forces
of threat
- People are molded and made into behaving rather than forced and created
‘norms’ of expected behaviour
Resilience of Prisons: Political Effects
Prisons persist because they are not failing in their true function, but failing in
penal functions, they are not failing in creating a social solidarity
Prison as an effective strategy of political domination
Prisons are a very productive strategy of political domination
Power/Knowledge
Normalization depends on knowing the offender through emerging forms of
knowledge in the human sciences (psy-disciplines, social work, sociology,
psychology, criminology, etc.)
He aims to show that these emerging forms of knowledge combined with
surveillance techniques of prisons come together to produce these docile bodies
Discipline vs. punishment have various meanings that aim to correct offenders in
terms of interventions, as well as expert knowledge’s of power
i.e Panopticon – the idea of surveillance in always being watched (the ideal
prison the few watch the many) 1791; Jeremy Bentham
- This was a new form of power that emerged in the modern and industrial period
which enables domination and control without having to resort to violence and
coercive bodily harmful punishments this structure uses its architecture
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