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13B April 9 -09.docx

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EN 1006
Alison Halsall

April 9 2009 Stevenson’s Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde  Urban Gothicism and the strange qualities of existence  Urban Gothicism  Structuring the madness within  Freud, the uncanny and the horrible double  Fear Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894)  Writer of short stories, essays, travelogues  Treasure Island (1883)  “Shilling –shocker”, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886)  Calvinistic upbringing: Preoccupation with predestination  Fascinated by evil Urban Gothic  The close connection text foregrounds between architectural structure and psychological experiences of characters  Isolation of individual in urban centre Tales Structure  Focus on the horrifying within  Exploration of psychology of characters  Fragmented vignettes (short scene)  Emphasizing process of story-telling  Duplicity of narrative itself Effects Produced by Tales Structure  Emphasis on story-telling  Enhances personal reactions = questions authority of narrating voices  Enhances suspense  Refuses closure  Theme of fragmentation introduced on thematic and structural level  Emphasis on isolation and alienation  The City as a character  We have the perspective of: Enfield, Dr. Lanien, Dr. Jekyll, Dr. Utterson, but we do not get Mr. Hyde’s perspective  By means of this narrative structure, he calls attention to process of storytelling. All of these vignettes call attention to the story that is happening around it. All the segments create suspense. The last narrative kind of refuses closure (from Mr. Hyde)  Devices serve to propel narrative, also represent narratives drive towards coherence  Dr. Jekyll does many experiments on himself, and we go through it with him  Seems to be a world in which people (men especially)spend their time alon
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