The eight century revival and the rise of the polis
- Lefkandi on west coast of island of Euboea, was site of major dark age settlement.
- Large apsidal house containing burial of ruler and wife.
o Apsidal just means one end is curved
o A wife, his hand, and a bunch of grave goods
Wearing splendid Madonna style metallic brazier
Scarab and seal
Site somehow (indirect or direct) in contact with egypt
o Dead man presumably a hero (or ruler of this community)
Someone who had power in life and was given shit because he was awesome.
o Suspicion that wife was killed along with horses as a ritualistic killing.
- Evidence of religious activity at house site > heroon (shrine to hero)
- Grave goods in cemetery show contacts with Egypt and Phoenicia.(fenisha)
- Island of Euboea was an important place in greek history.
The 8 century revival
- Massive increase in number of burials in various regions of Greece.
o Attika: 8x as many burials than in the 9 century.
- But did population rise at same rate?
o Does this imply an 8 fold increase in population?
o It’s just implausible.
o A small community is just expanding to an ample size of land.
o Due to change in burial practices.
More people were receiving formal burials
That is to say burials that can be spotted by archeologists
o Then this development indicates that society is becoming more equal.
More people within the community thought to be worthy of that kind of burial.
- Evidence of greater wealth
o Quantity and value of graved goods
Had declined in quality sharply after the fall of the myceneaen palaces
o Geometric pottery (attika)
Is impressive in quantity
Quality of the decoration
Some of the larger ones were grave markers for the wealthy. o Number of wealthy graves having been excavated
- City walls and town planning.
o Coast of asia minor and islands of the agean