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Lecture 5

HIST 3180 Lecture 5: week 5
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5 Pages
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Fall 2017

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 3180
Professor
Thabit Abdullah
Lecture
5

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Class 5 16th October 2017
Establishment of Sasanids Rule
- Origins
- New dynasty
- Empire
- Centralization
- Shapur I (239-270)
- Wars with Rome
We move in the 100th AD, Parthians rule became more fragmented and de centralized.
Growth of vibrant cities during de-centralization.
Constant war with Rome, however is debatable.
116AD, Roman emperor Trajan, launch a massive invasion on Parthian land.
He took all of Mesopotamia.
Addition invasion, 165 and 198.
In the year 218, Parthian defeated the Romans.
At least 3 occasions, the romans went in bound of the Parthian in land.
Parthians were never successful of placing their faith in the Persian society.
Fars was a trouble spot for the Parthians.
Sasanids Empire
Ardeshir I became king after defeating Ardawan IV (last Parthian king) -224 CE
Ardeshir father -Papag (Governenor of city)
Papag was a descendent of Priest who took care of temple of Anahita (cult was famous for
warriors)
The city which had Anahita was the city of Istakhr.
Sasan was the grandfather of Ardeshir (some believe he was the father -in law of papg)
One of the care takers of Anahita was a person called Sasan.
Anahita was being cooperated into Mazda worshipping.
Sasan had a blood of achemedics.
Around 200- Papag defeat a local leader who was a vessel of Parthians.
Papag was showing his legitimacy being a descendent of Achemedians.
Papag died 220CE.
Power struggle between his sons, between Ardeshir and Shapur.
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Papak favour Shapur.
In the year 222, Shapur was leaving to have a meeting with his brother to resolve their
problems, however the roof feel on him and Shapur died.
Ardeshir I claimed the act was the work of Ahura Mazda.
The social and economic conditions back then.
The region of Fars was wealthy and could provide financial support for new empire.
Ardeshir was a smart ruler, he ruled over all the nation.
He claim the glory of Achemedians and being legitimate.
He called the Parthians as illegitimate rulers.
The city of firouzabad was his capital to support him to gain more power.
He began demanding loyalty from local princes even outside the fars regions.
Ardawan IV asked the kuzestan governor to attack Ardeshir , but Ardeshir won
Ardawan IV attacked him in 224 CE.
Ardeshir IV made good alliances with other parts.
Battle of Hormizdegan in 224 CE. He defeated the Parthians there
Ardeshir move to Istakhr and a new temple was made by him, and a fire was made for him till he
died.
2 years later in c’espthon , Ardeshir was crowned king.
Last Parthians were made and finally the Parthians were destroyed in 229CE.
Ardeshir went to conquer land that were part of the land of the Achemedian empire.
He took Bahrain and the land close to India and move in to Armenia.( could not fully take it over)
Armenia took the most oppoisiton to Sasanids.
Ardeshir was ruthless with Parthians.
Many of the Parthians would get high ranking position, however Arsecids were purged badly.
Ardeshir began to move into Syria, where roman rule was strong.
Negotiations between roman and Sasanids fail and in 232 war broke out, both side claim victory
Roman kept Armenia independent.
Ardeshir withdrew out of Syria.
Ardeshir, right hand man was his son Shapur I (239-270).
Shapur I lead the army on many occasions.
Ardeshir minted a coin with both of them on it, Ardeshir was the bigger one and Shapur the
smaller one.
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Description
th Class 5 16 October 2017 Establishment of Sasanids Rule Origins New dynasty Empire Centralization Shapur I (239270) Wars with Rome th AD We move in the 100 , Parthians rule became more fragmented and de centralized. Growth of vibrant cities during decentralization. Constant war with Rome, however is debatable. 116AD, Roman emperor Trajan, launch a massive invasion on Parthian land. He took all of Mesopotamia. Addition invasion, 165 and 198. In the year 218, Parthian defeated the Romans. At least 3 occasions, the romans went in bound of the Parthian in land. Parthians were never successful of placing their faith in the Persian society. Fars was a trouble spot for the Parthians. Sasanids Empire Ardeshir I became king after defeating Ardawan IV (last Parthian king) 224 CE Ardeshir father Papag (Governenor of city) Papag was a descendent of Priest who took care of temple of Anahita (cult was famous for warriors) The city which had Anahita was the city of Istakhr. Sasan was the grandfather of Ardeshir (some believe he was the father in law of papg) One of the care takers of Anahita was a person called Sasan. Anahita was being cooperated into Mazda worshipping. Sasan had a blood of achemedics. Around 200 Papag defeat a local leader who was a vessel of Parthians. Papag was showing his legitimacy being a descendent of Achemedians. Papag died 220CE. Power struggle between his sons, between Ardeshir and Shapur.
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