Class Notes (836,210)
Canada (509,690)
York University (35,302)
History (957)
HIST 3531 (18)

Working Class History Lecture Sept 25.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

HIST 3531
Jennifer Stephen

Working Class History Lecture Sept 25 Working in Pre-Industrial Canada Aboriginal Societies before Contact with Europeans - Hunting and Gathering o Relied on for survival o West coast, mild climatelots of seafood o Settled down in villages o Men did the hunting/waged war/make weapons o Women did pretty much everything else  Food, clothing, fire, canoes - Farming/Agricultural Settlement o A large numbers of vegetables were brought back from north America after contact o A large number of vegetables today were cultivated first by the native Americans o Lived in fortified villages o Within the villages people lived a cluster called long house o Long house was 20-30 meters in length and 6-7 meters wide o 4-5 fireplaces o Specific family would work eat sleep around these fireplaces o Iroquoians did not practice crop rotation  Every 15 years everyone had to pack up and move to a new site  2 reasons; soil depletion o In these farming nations women worked the field o They planted and cultivated the crop o Women also engaged in craft/artisanal labour  Along making canoes they made pottery and make basket and bead work for trade and clothing o Men would clear the land for cultivation o But they main purpose was to hunt to sustain their family o When everyone had to move women would often carry the heaviest load o Gender identity in first nations bares no similarities to that of the Europeans during this period o Native women for free to organize their own tasks o Upon marriage the man would go into the woman’s house not the other way around (matrilineal) o The chief was selected by the elder women o Native societies were not patriarchal o Much of this lifestyle was disrupted by the Europeans with pathogens /disease - Trade o Most first nations were not self-sufficient and relied on trade with other tribes o Trade was carried through a complex of rules o Trade usually took the form of gift giving  Elaborate ceremonies and speeches that spoke to mutual friendship between these tribes o One never haggled over price  Considered unfriendly and hostile o Generosity highly valued  Demonstrating generosity was a way to earn respect amongst your peers o Reciprocity o Social events involved with a round of feasting  Receiving tribe would hold the feast o Potlatch feasts- most elaborate on the west coast o Lack of generosity was frowned upon  If a family suffered a loss it was up to the rest of the village to come together and provided whatever the family needed to survive - Technology o Were sophisticated for what it was - Social organization o Centralized  Each band had a chief  Did not rely on a central authority to impose order o Organized around the principle of communalism (interest of all) o Practiced communalism o Value system that encouraged self-restraint  Vital to the survival of the tribe o Chief maintained is position through courage/character/skill at hunting  Authority limited  Could not impose his will  Had to encourage and persuade his elders  This ability to persuade and inspire was important Aboriginal Societies after Contact with Europeans - Marks the beginning of the spread of capitalism and Christian evangelism - European male traders married native women and a new generation of metis came - Europeans relied on the natives for mapping, health care and food - Natives began to take up Europeans technologies Peasant Family Economies - Settlement o French settlers in Bat of Funday (New Brunswick and St. Lawrence river valley (Quebec) o French settles more interested in the government and to separate them from their land - Ind
More Less

Related notes for HIST 3531

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.