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HUMA 2195 (2)
Lecture

HUMA 2195 - november 3.docx

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Department
Humanities
Course
HUMA 2195
Professor
Reissenleiter
Semester
Fall

Description
Europe of Monarchies - Baroque palace o Clean linage from power centre - Feudal society o Complex social hiearbies  Based on personal dependence o Fragmented structure of political authority o Social and economic relations  Based on land and service o Fundamental inequality of people (3 “orders”, “society of estates”) o Religion as a moral framework - Modern society o Concept of a citizen-subject o Unified power structure under nation state o Social and economic relations based on money o Secular - Absolutism society o Centralisation of political, social, and religious power at court centers o Absolutist power of the monarch  Louis XIV – France  Leopold I – Habsburg lands  Friedrich Wilhelm – Prussia  Peter I, Katherina I – Russia o Standing army o Bureaucracy o Taxation o Religious justification (divine right of kings, ointment) as protectors of orthodoxy - Martin Luther (1483-1546) o 1517: posts – posting 95 theses against indulgences (Christian belief) o Three
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