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Introduction to Health and Fitness Lecture/slides Kine 1020 York University

4 Pages

Kinesiology & Health Science
Course Code
KINE 1020
Angelo Belcastro

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Introduction to Health and Fitness Hippocrates : Exercise is good for you Aristotle: walking is good for you Edward Stanley: if one has no time for exercise they must find time for illness Lifestyle Factors in Health  People who smoke are less likely to engage in leisure time Components of physical fitness Body composition Musculoskeletal fitness Cardiovascular fitness Physical fitness  Capacity to live an optimal life  Ability to perform muscular work  Cardiovascular respiratory endurance  Muscular strength  Muscular endurance  Flexibility  Body composition Health Care Systems Health WHO definition: state of complete physical, mental and social well being, not merely the absence of disease What makes you happy?  Behaviours  Genetics  Community and society  Environment Lalonde’s Framework of Health  Human biology  Environment  Lifestyle  Health care organization  Primary care : Physcians  Secondary: cardiologist  Tertiary: special care  Circulatory diseases, and heart disease number one cause of death in Canada  Main challenges to Canadian Health system are:  Ageing population  High prevalence of avoidable diseases caused by poor health habits  Financing of long term care services  Financing new and expensive technology and drugs  Unbalanced distribution of health care professionals Proceed Model  Implementation  Process of Evaluation  Impact evaluation  Outcome evaluation Precede Model  Social diagnosis  Epidermiological, behavioral and environmental diagnosis  Educational and ecological diagnosis  Administrative and policy diagnosis Social Determinants of Health  Social exclusion  Income inequity  Job security and working conditions  Housing and food security  Education and care in early life  Capacity to take action Complementary Alternative Medicine (CAM) Types Natural Products  Dietary supplements, that are nonvitamins and nonminerals (fish oil)  Herbal botanical medicine Mind and Body  Acupuncture  Yoga and meditation Manipulative and Body Based  Massage therapy Determinants of
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