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Lecture 3

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Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 3350
Kathy Broderick

9/17/2013 8:21:00 AM TYPES OF AGING Chronological aging  Based on years that they have been born  Doesn’t tell you much, since its only a number  Bizmark: decided that ppl at 65 should stop working – this is why we think that ppl at 65 are old  Physical age: ppl can be healthy/sick at the same age  Some ppl are young at 80, where some are old at 50 Biological aging  How you physically age  Affects behaviour  Affects their longevity i.e. having heart disease, your less likely to live long  Biological aging is a concern today  Ppl hold on to this more than their chrono age Psychological Age  Are they as smart as they use to be  Their learning ability, their memory  Number one problem w. baby boomers – loss of mind  are they depressed  is their personality changing Social Ageing  Looks at seniors as individuals or in groups  Their social roles  Grandparents that live with family age different than those that live alone o Alone: life needs to be structures o Family: interactions are a lot more BASIC CONCEPTS OF AGING 1. Normal aging  Everyday ppl that are old feel different – sometimes it good, sometimes it bad  Medical tech has helped with normal aging – can get new hearts, etc  Some ppl think aging is a disease that can be controlled – does that really happen? 2. Lessened reserve capacity  As we age, the reserve capacity lowers  Slowness – mentally older ppl get slower; research has shown that old ppl can do as well on tests that young ppl if they learn things slower o Slowness doesn’t mean they're incompetent  Movement – old ppl move slower than young ppl  Stress – get stressed when they travel, get stressed about entertaining i.e. holiday’s o Older ppl are more likely to have stroke/heart attack during holiday seasons o Stress about family safety, family getting along, worry about being on time, worry about doctors appointments o Worry about always cleaning the house, and the garbage o They stress about keeping their routine i.e. lunch/dinner time  They are set in their ways, so if you change something they get upset o Second hand stress – when someone else has stress, they will also feel the same stress if they know the problem  Homeostatic equilibrium – ppl have higher bp, diabetes, more vunlnerable to disease  Pacing – need to pace themselves, because they need to accept they cant do what they use to do o They can get ill from exhaustion if they go out for the entire day o They should slowly learn that they should pace themselves so they don’t get exhausted 3. Use it or lose it  if old ppl keep using their skills, they can keep them; if they don’t use it then they will lose the skill  Ex: being able to handwrite  Applies to: o Physical aging: need to stay active – can tell if they are active based on their gait o Psychologically aging: should do crosswords, know the news o Social aging: interacting with family and friends, etc.  Older ppl cant afford to lose friends, but they do often because of pettiness  Hard for them to make friends – they are reserved and become rusty about making new friends  Retirement compounds: homes say that you will make new friends, but the only thing everyone has in common is that they're old – so your just throwing all the old ppl in a building together  With friends: they would be more candid  They also lose friends – pass away o Social interaction is the greatest loss to old ppl – passing away of spouse: technology provides a new connection with their family so they can interact i.e. Facebook/email  My way village – program that old ppl can get on a computer and interact with ppl in other homes 4. Impacts on lifestyle  If you have a –ve lifestyle as an adult (eat bad, sedentary, etc.), will you change when you are older?  Exercise: they don’t get exercise – don’t realize that its important; most of them walk though  Nutrition: young seniors are more inclined to eat more healthy, older seniors are more likely to eat worse  Stress management: they don’t have stress management techniques o They aren’t comfortable with therapist or grief counselors o Very important to help them with stress management  We don’t have any rest or relaxation anytime – older ppl work harder bc they have fear of loosing their job o Leisure sickness: you get sick on weekends or holidays – when you get a holiday and relax your body decides
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