PHIL 1100 Lecture Notes - Viktor Frankl, Dian Fossey, Reciprocal Altruism

73 views3 pages
Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
York University
Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1100
Professor
Stamos
- existentialism as a response to nihilism
- key features: subjective outlook, the universe is absurd, atheism
(sometimes fideism), our lives are fundamentally meaningless,
free will, we are free to choose our meaning (otherwise, bad faith),
there is no human nature
- evidence of an instinctual need to find the meaning of life (or of our lives)
- ubiquity of the question; evidence of purpose on the brain; small children;
tragedies; Viktor Frankl (existential frustration, existential vacuum, logotherapy)
- proximate cause vs. ultimate cause
- our evolution in two environments: (i) natural and (ii) social
- binding relations: (i) environmental knowledge and (ii) group cohesion
(including love sympathy, empathy, kin altruism, reciprocal altruism,
fairness, in-group/out-group distinction)
- but where does art fit in?
- evidence of finding meaning in (ii) plenty of extreme examples
- Gandhi, Schweitzer, M Theresa, MLK Jr, Dian Fossey
- evidence of finding meaning in (ii) plenty of extreme examples = scientists
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Key features: subjective outlook, the universe is absurd, atheism. Stamos (sometimes fideism), our lives are fundamentally meaningless, free will, we are free to choose our meaning (otherwise, bad faith), there is no human nature. Evidence of an instinctual need to find the meaning of life (or of our lives) Ubiquity of the question; evidence of purpose on the brain; small children; tragedies; viktor frankl (existential frustration, existential vacuum, logotherapy) Our evolution in two environments: (i) natural and (ii) social. Binding relations: (i) environmental knowledge and (ii) group cohesion (including love sympathy, empathy, kin altruism, reciprocal altruism, fairness, in-group/out-group distinction) Evidence of finding meaning in (ii) plenty of extreme examples. Gandhi, schweitzer, m theresa, mlk jr, dian fossey. Evidence of finding meaning in (ii) plenty of extreme examples = scientists. : scientists: (i) pursuit of knowledge (external) and (ii) group oriented (research teams) Existentialists: (i) don"t care about knowledge (external) and (ii) are defiantly individualistic (contra groups, herds)

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.