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PHIL 2130 lecture one.docx

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PHIL 2130
Ian Jarvie

September 13, 2013 Lecture One Aesthetics Esthetics Homer Tragedy Hemlock Blue Jasmine Test 1 – Plato and Aristotle Midterm essay – 5/6 pages on set subjects Final exam Bigger essay – 10 pages, more substantial, set topics Books: course kit, 2 comic dialogues, Aristotle, poetics, short introduction Socrates – Ion – Plato Why a work is successful giving some kinds of reasons Both the arts and philosophy are historical traditions. That is to say, they are traditions that extend deep into historical time and works created within the tradition strike attitudes towards works from the past. It can be an attitude of stressing continuity or it can be an attitude stressing a break or difference from that past. Either way, both the arts and philosophy pay regard to the past. Hence the rough structure of this course is chronological, moving from past to present. Also stressed was the dialectical character of philosophy, laid out clearly in works that take the dialogue form, but also discernible in works of discursive prose. To grasp the dialectical structure of works in the discursive format some reconstruction is needed. Like science and literature, philosophy is a textual genre. The first readings for the course are from Plato and Freeland ch. 2. In the dialogue "Ion" Plato depicts "Socrates" having a discussion with the rhapsode "Ion". Two matters are canvassed. One is the claim that Homer, the divine poet, is a fount of knowledge about all sorts of things, and that his reciter, "Ion", has gained such knowledge by study of the poems. Socrates gets Ion to admit that there are fields of knowledge, such as medicine, carpentry, navigation, generalship, divination, where only the trained experts should be consulted. Hence poetry and
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