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Lecture 7

Lecture 7 - Renaissance (Florence v. Venice) and Democratic Revolutions

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Political Science
POLS 1000
Martin Breaugh

Lecture 7Renaissance Florence contra Venice and Democratic Revolutions Not historical detail but what democracy meant the concepts Middle ages god is the center of the world what will count is after deathRenaissance break general configuration of middle ages rediscover Greece and RomeChanges in philosophy see return of centrality of man and mankind humanism put man at the back of all thingsDa Vinci painter must paint 2 things man and ideas in mans headMan are inherently worthyinevitably have to turn to democracyReturn to centrality of man and democracy will be observed in city republics of renaissance Florence1 Florence is animated by spirits that puts great emphasis on political participation o We should do everything we can to fulfill the nature that men are political animals o Spirit of the time is political participationcivic humanism republicanism 2 Florence is extremely divided social division o 5 divisionguild systemPolitical institution of Florence will be in constant evolution and change we have to experiment2 prolonged periods of democracy interrupted by Medicis o Period 1 13281434 Period 2 14941512 Manin 15271530 Politics of Florence will be torn between internal dissent and factionalism rivalry between different political groups motivated by particular good not common groupFlorence created mechanism to neutralize the effects of factionalism might lead to civil war Also present in Athens 1 lottery system used to designate public office holders 2 rotation of public office holdersNew mechanism to deal with conflict scrutiny squittinio pick among the bestPeople who wanted to be in lot will first be scrutinized by preselection committee nominatoris then have to be elected by another committee through votinglot can be drawn to hold public officeTwo tier process designed to scrutinize th In the 14 century access to politics were in part controlled by old nobility ottimati ndcontrol the nominatorihave the power to approve or reject candidates going to 2 committee nd 2 committee was composed of people drawn by lotnominatorilimit to democracy limit to the depth and qualityIf nominatori is overly partisan it will defeat the purpose of mechanismto neutralize conflict
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