Thursday nov 15
Intersectionality- refers to overlapping types of oppression that stems from overlapping types of
Successful resistance to oppression must also consider where interactions and overlaps with
other groups can be strategically identified.
We each enter society with us being of different colour, religion, sex etc. we have no control
Do we make our society, or does our society make us?
To address this, we must ask if identity is fixed and natural, or is it made and constructed.
Some scholars believe identity is fixed and who we are. We make connections to people with fix
qualities about ourselves (religion, gender, nation etc.) makes a certain type of identity politics
Scholars pose cultural and religious identities are primary source of conflicts. Most notable is
Samuel Huntington- civilization, is the highest rank of cultural identity and allegiance
Identity is seen as conflictual- areas where civilizations collide, you will have conflict. “plate
Huntington- some countries will be on civilization “fault lines”, ex. India “torn country” because it
contains muslims and hindu’s. distinct cultural histories, and where they meet on the map, fault
lines are produced. Sudan, is seen as a fault line, Muslim civilization and African civilization.
This perspective, civilizations are huge and unchanging, differences between civilizations are
more important then the similarities.
2 observations about this approach- 1. Sees countries and identities as, the primary way we
identify ourselves in the world. 2. Places an “inevitability” of our we indentity
In this we make no choice, we are unquestioning members of our nations, and our nations are
different from on another
Identity is constructed- this means we don’t exist until we step into the social world and our
identities are formed. We are born into a social world and we are different. No universal way of
being. No fixed subject . we can say we are all human, but the law determines what is
human, not everyone has access to all rights Subject is constructed through various discourses surrounding nations, religion, class, gender
etc. we are framed by our society and social world. What is the process we come to our