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York University
Political Science
POLS 2940
Elizabeth Dauphinee

th Thursday nov 15 Identity politics Intersectionality- refers to overlapping types of oppression that stems from overlapping types of identities. Successful resistance to oppression must also consider where interactions and overlaps with other groups can be strategically identified. We each enter society with us being of different colour, religion, sex etc. we have no control Do we make our society, or does our society make us? To address this, we must ask if identity is fixed and natural, or is it made and constructed. Some scholars believe identity is fixed and who we are. We make connections to people with fix qualities about ourselves (religion, gender, nation etc.) makes a certain type of identity politics inevitable Scholars pose cultural and religious identities are primary source of conflicts. Most notable is Samuel Huntington- civilization, is the highest rank of cultural identity and allegiance Identity is seen as conflictual- areas where civilizations collide, you will have conflict. “plate tectonics” Huntington- some countries will be on civilization “fault lines”, ex. India “torn country” because it contains muslims and hindu’s. distinct cultural histories, and where they meet on the map, fault lines are produced. Sudan, is seen as a fault line, Muslim civilization and African civilization. This perspective, civilizations are huge and unchanging, differences between civilizations are more important then the similarities. 2 observations about this approach- 1. Sees countries and identities as, the primary way we identify ourselves in the world. 2. Places an “inevitability” of our we indentity In this we make no choice, we are unquestioning members of our nations, and our nations are different from on another “static view” In contrast Identity is constructed- this means we don’t exist until we step into the social world and our identities are formed. We are born into a social world and we are different. No universal way of being. No fixed subject . we can say we are all human, but the law determines what is human, not everyone has access to all rights Subject is constructed through various discourses surrounding nations, religion, class, gender etc. we are framed by our society and social world. What is the process we come to our identities. Also
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