POLS 3651/ MIST 3651
October 28th, 2013
Lecture 6 – Week 8
Racism: a History (A Savage Legacy)
The west reinforced white supremacy by poking fun of the black race
Abolition was claimed as a triumph for all humanity, but Africans will soon realize that racism outlived
Blacks never got out of debt because the debt rolled over every year.
To prevent black people from voting they created tests that they could not answer.
Jim Crow System: that ridiculed black people.
▯Enforcing the idea of racial equality in everyday life.
▯Legal racial segregation was a regime of white over black. The heart of Jim Crow was violence.
Violence took several different forms, but the chief form it took was lynching. From 18821927, 3500
African Americans was lynched from the United States.
▯Jim Crow was a systematic and economic terror.
The fear that white people had of black people was internally reinforced by the environment such as
Jesse Washington: 1916. Mentally challenged. The white of the farmer that he worked for was found
dead. He was arrested and trialed and found guilty. 16000 crowded the streets to watch this boy was
suffering. The crowd cheered, cheering the tortures on.
Agent of Racial Terror: Ku Klux Klan – 5 Million members
▯They were only one source of racial terror.
Violence was just one way to maintain the racial hierarchy.
▯Smoke Screen: wishing to educate the savaged people
▯He wanted to exploit the Africans as forced labors.
▯Between 18801920, 40year period the population was slashed from 20 million to about 10 million.
Enormous lost of human life.
▯The forced labour did not end when King Leopold died; it was so profitable that the Belgium
government continued to exploit these Africans.
Racial classification became in