Memory: chapter 8 Review Answers
1. Short-term memory holds the information we are conscious of, it
consciously processes codes and “ works” on information. The
limitations of short-term memory are that you can only hold so much
information at a time, therefore a small capacity and also a short duration
of time. We can use techniques like chunking to break up big words
making them simpler, or using a rehearsal technique such as saying
something to yourself over and over again.
2. The serial position effect is when someone is asked to memorize a
long line of numbers, letters, or words and everyone is able to recall
the first and last item in the line creating a U-shaped graph/pattern.
The primacy effect reflects the superior recall of early words. The
recency effect is the superior recall of the most recent words.
3. The concept of depth of processing means that the more deeply we
process information, the better it will be remembered. Semantic
encoding involves the deepest processing because we have to
understand and look at the meaning of the word or information shown.
So this may take time and effort to comprehend and make sense of.
4. Hierarchies- Memory is enhanced by associations between concepts.
This can enhance memory by using a cue to help you remember other
words that somehow link to that first cue.
Chunking- combining individual items into a larger unit of meaning.
This enhances memory because you try to take the single items and make
realistic words from them making it easier for your short term memory, then
you can rehearse and then they will go into long term memory.
Mnemonic Devices- Know as the “ art of improving memory”. This is any
type of memory aid.
Imagery- This is when you can draw a mental image in your mind of an
item, landscape, or place to help you remember a specific moment. This
enhances memory because this may bring back the time something happened
where you can picture it then recall it.
5. A Schema is a mental framework, and organized pattern of thought about
the world, class of people, events, situ