Psych Lecture Tues Mar 2 2010
1. What is abnormal?
-1) Distress is present:
-person is suffering, unhappy, afraid
-2) Behaviour is maladaptive
-Inability to meet responsibilities
-3) Socially Deviant
-Behaviour is unusual, “not normal”
-DSM-IV (4th) p. 580
-Simplify and create order
Criteria for Abnormality
-Fig. 14.2 pg 608
-Neurotic vs. Psychotic
-Distressing problem but person is still coherent and can function socially (once acute
phase of disorder is treated).
-Eg. Most disorders discussed today
-More bizarre, involving delusions or hallucinations. Individual has impaired thought
processes and cannot function socially. Treatment is long term
2. Anxiety Disorders
-Fear in situations that pose no objective threat
-Extreme/chronic worry, fear of harm
-Muscle tension, increased heart rate and blood pressure
-Shaking, jumpiness, pacing, avoidance
Distressing problem but person is still coherent and can function socially (once acute. Fear in situations that pose no objective threat. Muscle tension, increased heart rate and blood pressure. Symptoms of anxiety felt continuously for at least 6 months. Excessive worry, restlessness, sleep disturbance that are difficult to control. Intense dread, shortness of breath, chest pain, choking, fear of going crazy or losing control or dying, shaking, sweating, nausea. May lead to agoraphobia (fear of open spaces) Fear of a particular object, animal or context which is irrational. Case example (from movie as good as it gets ) Howie mandel: germaphobic & hypochondriac: somatoform disorders. History of diverse physical complaints for which there is no organic basis. Long medical history of treatments for minor physical ailments: dissociative disorders. Presence of at least 2 distinct personalities within the same individual. Leads to sudden changes in identity and consciousness.