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Lecture 3

Abnormal Psychology Lecture 3.docx

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York University
PSYC 3140
Joel Goldberg

Abnormal Psychology Lecture 3 • Only the following text boxes for the test: -Canadian Perspectives 1.2 -Canadian Contributions 2.1 -Focus on Discovery 4.2 • Make sure to read Table 4.3 Clinical assessment • Definition and purpose: the process by which clinicians gain understanding of the individual necessary for making informed decisions • Assessment is a judgment of a test, it includes decision making • We use test instruments to help us in our assessments Referral questions • Diagnosis, does the person have a particular problem, depression/anxiety/schizophrenia • Assessment helps to plan or to guide treatment: for the purpose of understanding more about the patient, e.g have they experienced loss, etc. • Assessment is useful to provide baseline info • Assessment is useful to evaluate the person’s status after intervention/treatment • Assessment is useful to predict future behavior Types of assessment methods/techniques • Observational studies, e.g reconciling the self-report with the observation • Self report • Ask the person him/herself • Ask someone who knows the person, e.g spousal treatment, people with addictions and substance use (view of patient can be extremely different from their partner/family) • Observe the person as he/she is behaving naturally • FINALLY, testing. Observe the person in a standardized situation. What constitutes a poorly standardized test? What are kinds of tests? • Psychopathology/personality test • Projective techniques -Rorschach -formal aspect: not just what the person sees but how they say what they see • Thematic Apperception Test (TAT): metaphor of gossiping, what you are saying about people can be revealing about yourself • Draw a Person House Tree (+ anything they like) • Issues: these instruments are considered techniques not formal tests, require experienced examiner in order to interpret the findings • Self-report questionnaires, MMPI • Intelligence tests (IQ). Mental age divided by chronological age multiplied by 100= IQ. • Dr David Wechsler: -born in Romania, emigrated to NYC at age 6 -young of 7 -U of Columbia -psychological examiner in the US army -mentors: Thorndike (aggregate of abilities, different kinds of abilities, verbal skills, visual-motor, god memory skills, etc.) spearman (global capacity) -Developed Wechsler intelligence test – non verbal and verbal abilities -his definition of intelligence: “it’s both the aggregate or global capacity of the individual to act purposefully, to think rationally and to deal effectively with his or her environment” -Wechsler’s intelligence testing looks at it as a continuum -Flynn effect: for the past century, average IQs have been rising at 3 IQ points per decade (
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