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PSYC 3480 (144)
Lecture 7

Lecture 7 - Women in the Paid Workplace

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PSYC 3480
Noreen Stuckless

Lecture 7 1 November 8th, 2011 The Two-Person Career - One of the partners has the job (ex: CEO, graduate student), the other partner supports that role Women in the Paid Workplace - Skills she had was based on what she was doing at her home - Wage gap = 75-80% of what a man makes - A lot of women do part-time work - Full time job decreased; part time job increased (looked like things look better) - Types = under 30 hours, work 2 days a week, job sharing (ex: kindergarten teacher), shift work - Advantages o Allows you to do other things o Allows you to bring some money in, without committing to a full-time job o Flexibility - Disadvantages o You don’t get benefits o Don’t have guaranteed number of hours o The pay is usually low o Low job security o Can be physically demanding o Fairly rare to get promotions Sex Segregation and Sex Stratification - Jobs segregated by sex - In the same job category, there are different levels of who get what jobs - Family doctor, accountant, family lawyers = men/women are about equal - Men’s jobs = leadership role, physical power - Women’s job = nurturing, extension of the home - Ex: type of items sold o More expensive items (cars, furniture) are sold by men where commissions are higher - Men are more assertive, have better condition, more privileged - Specific jobs still having sex segregation o Bus drivers (long distance) – almost exclusively men  Stereotypically, women are weaker or not good drivers  Expected women to be home taking care of kids  Not safe for women to be doing this kind of job Career Psychology Psychological Factors - Factors of the person (either it’s true or perceived) Structural factors - Factors inherent in the industry, that makes it difficult for women to advance - Discriminatory practices: - Mining Town – only way to get good wages is to work in a mine Lecture 7 2 November 8th, 2011 - Military: similar discriminatory practices Factors in determining access and promotion - Education - Gatekeeper: decides who go in and out o Who gets hired/training/promoted o Human resources o Supervisor had a lot of power in the mining job - Men’s stereotypes of the women - Gender typing of job (what women/men should be doing) o Men are furious if women get a higher position than them because it takes away their chance of having that position, and men being less masculine - Sexualisation of workplace o Sexual jokes, posters o Discriminations – keeping away people from training Sexual Harassment Hostile Sexism - Really mean Benevolent Sexism - Joking way, put down Quid pro quo - You do something for me, I’ll do something for you - Women had to give men sex to get the job Leadership - No large gender differences in leadership - Stereotype: men are the leaders - When did lab studies, there is
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