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Globalization From Below Lecture 1/2

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York University
Social Science
SOSC 1430
Eduardo Canel

GLOBALIZATION FROM BELOW - it is possible to reshape globalization, a global system under different values - grassroots corporations address that it is certainly tough, but not impossible to achieve a new world - globalization is not a finished process, it is a tendency - globalization from below: unified, diverse, embryonic in some cases, and sometimes contradictory in its process. - globalization from below: an effort to link grassroots movements and organizations - Some movements started 20-30 years ago, called “runaway plans”, i.e. factories that moved to Mexico because of the opening/opportunities of free trade - Globalization from above always had a transnational movements, GFB had local movement - i.e. indigenous movements: no longer restricted to politics within the nation, but started to develop transnational networks and linking indigenous peoples’ around the globe - human rights campaigns, development issues have been a discourse of human right issues (i.e. right to water a human right, against privatization) - rural residents/peasants as significant transnational actors, contrary to past beliefs that they were opposite) - i.e. Via Campasina was an alternative development program for the production of foodfood sovereignty - for assignment q2: HAVE TO BE GRASSROOT, SOMEHOW ORGANIZE TRANSNATIONALLY, HAVE TO HAVE IN SOMEWAY TO RESPOND TO NEOLIBERAL GLOBALIZATION - GFA-GFB What they have in common: address questions related to neo- liberalism - Resistance comes from below, but solidarity is an important concept for both - GFB/GFA: double dimension: 1. Reactive dimension (what the movement opposes - GFB sometimes referred as “anti-globalization” reactive dimension, not looking at proactive; but most movements have anti-dimension (to drive, unite people) - 2. Proactive dimension: emphasis on negativity of the movement - for a movement to move forward, it just move from opposing to proposing; resistance is not enough - movements must shift attention, issues of a national character to issues defined as global, and sometimes recasting what were scene as national issues into global issues these have been done successfully by the movements - Also, use ideologies of neoliberal globalization against them - Unlike other movements in past, transnational movements are better und
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