Thursday October 10, 2013
Models of Criminal Justice
What makes criminal law distinct?
Criminal justice system represents the power of the state
The significance of this power should not be underestimated
The states acting on behalf of the public can use force to deprive citizens of their
individual freedoms and liberties – extraordinary power
This power is practiced in the name of the public
o Prosecutions are done in the name of the public (for all of us)
Canada: people are represented by the monarch ▯the queen: Regina
Focus is on criminal acts (mens rea/ actus rea)
Public is most supportive of the police, as you move away from the stages of
direct contact and deeper in the courts process, the support diminishes.
Family law: main concerns: on the effects on the child.
Criminal law: needs to show both the mens rea and the actus rea
Civil Law Criminal Law
Objectives Compensation Punishment