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SOCI 3630 Feb 12.docx

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York University
SOCI 3630
Alireza Asgharzadeh

AP/SOCI 3630 6.0A The Sociology of Education February 5, 2014 Religion, Spirituality, and Education RELEVANT TERMS AND CONCEPTS Religion- A Set of organized beliefs about the supernatural or spiritual world and their associated ceremonies that guide people’s behavior and joins them into communities of believers. Faith- A belief system based on conviction that does not require objective evidence to substantiate its claims. Fundamentalism- Movement suggesting that a return to past practices is necessary to confront the challenges that contemporary society faces. - Upholding traditions and maintaining the “true faith”. - Often linked to religious intolerance, but not necessarily to using violence to achieve goals. Agnosticism and Atheism • Agnostic: impossible to know whether God exists, but does not deny the possibility. • Atheist: someone who denies the existence of any supernatural beings or forces • The concept of religiosity- the quality and degree of being religious • We need to distinguish between: - Religion as a marker of identity - Religion as a belief system. • Religionism describes an adherence to a particular religion. The ‘Faith’ alternative • Advantages: Personalizes religion - Diversifies religious perspectives • Disadvantages: - Ignores power relations. - Ignores politics of religion, e.g., colonialism, fundamentalism, etc. The concept of secularism • The view that religious considerations should be excluded from civil affairs or public education. • Negative Secularism • Positive Secularism • Secularization: the process by which some societies move away from explanations based on religion to ones based on science, rationality, and logic. - Secularization of culture. - Secularization of religion. Theorizing spirituality • Spirituality is that which is integral to our embodied humanity • It is mediated through diverse experiences that connect us to the sources of our vitality/aliveness • Spirituality has to do with experience • With being fully alive • Relationship (with self, others, world, creator). • Transformation in our body, on the earth, in the world. • In more general terms, it has to do with: love, care and compassion, an appreciation of beauty. Theorizing religion • Belief in and reverence for a supernatural power or powers re
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