Sex, gender, & social organization of power and privilege: sex and gender: Sex: a person"s biological status categorizes based on socially agreed upon criteria (ex. hormones, genitalia) Should be at least 5 different biological categories male, female, diff. variations of intersex ( indivs. Mid-19 century even biological sex can change. Because of changes in medical technology, indivs. Does not have to continue to be your choice of sex categorization. Person can claim membership even if certain criteria are lacking. Sex categories are natural or permanent" (ex. pregnant man) Society places importance on placing people into these categorizes. Socially seen to demonstrate membership in a sex category (ex. way we dress, hairstyles, how we behave, roles in work forces socially required displays, ideas on how men vs. women should be like/do. Ideas on what is and is not appropriate. Gender: learned or cultural status basis of sex , but not always.