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Class Notes for Physiology at Ball State University

PHYS 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 60: Corpus Luteum, Zona Pellucida, Follicular Phase
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Lecture 30 (part 2) female reproductive system 1252018 What is the purpose of the female reproductive system? o Cyclic pattern of producing mature eggs (ovum or secondary oocyte) o Releasing ovum (ovulation) o Preparing ut...

Physiology
PHYS 215
Dr. M Zamlouski-Tucker
PHYS 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 59: Seminiferous Tubule, Male Reproductive System, Sertoli Cell
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Lecture 29 (part 2) reproductive system 1232018 What is the role of the reproductive system? o Perpetuation of the species o Not essential for homeostasis What determines genetic sex? o Determine by chromosomes at concepti...

Physiology
PHYS 215
Dr. M Zamlouski-Tucker
PHYS 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 58: Zona Fasciculata, Zona Glomerulosa, Underarm Hair
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Lecture 28 (part 2) peripheral endocrine glands cont. 11282018 What is the anatomy of the adrenal gland? o Fig 19-7 o Outer part cortex Zona glomerulosa makes aldosterone Zona fasciculata makes cortisol Zona reticularis ma...

Physiology
PHYS 215
Dr. M Zamlouski-Tucker
PHYS 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 57: Scintillator, Potassium Iodide, Thyroid
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Lecture 27 (part 2) peripheral endocrine glands 11282018 What are the peripheral endocrine glands? o Thyroid gland Thyroid hormones (T-3 and T-4) Calcitonin o Adrenal glands Cortex Aldosterone, cortisol, DHEA Medulla Epine...

Physiology
PHYS 215
Dr. M Zamlouski-Tucker
PHYS 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 56: Tropic Hormone, Anterior Pituitary, Bloodborne
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Lecture 26 (part 2) principles of endocrinology 11262018 What is the function of the endocrine system? o Communication between body cells by way of hormones (blood-borne chemical messengers) o One of two major communicatio...

Physiology
PHYS 215
Dr. M Zamlouski-Tucker
PHYS 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 55: T Helper Cell, Cytotoxic T Cell, Natural Killer Cell
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Lecture 25 (part 2) body defenses cont. 11192018 What are memory plasma cells? o Plasma cells that DO NOT produce antibodies initially o Fig 12-12 o Development of a plasma cell that produces antibodies takes five days (ma...

Physiology
PHYS 215
Dr. M Zamlouski-Tucker
PHYS 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 54: Mast Cell, Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue, Complement System
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Lecture 24 (part 2) body defenses 11192018 Why is the nonspecific immune response important? o First line of defense against a foreign or atypical cell What are our external barriers against foreign microorganisms? o Skin ...

Physiology
PHYS 215
Dr. M Zamlouski-Tucker
PHYS 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 53: Bone Marrow, Adenoid, Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue
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Lecture 23 (part 2) body defenses 11142018 What is the role of the immune system? o Defends against foreign invaders o Removes worn out cells o Identifies and destroys abnormal or foreign cells What are the effector cells ...

Physiology
PHYS 215
Dr. M Zamlouski-Tucker
PHYS 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 52: Interleukin-1 Family, Thermostat, Prostaglandin
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Lecture 22 (part 2) temperature regulation 11142018 What are the mechanisms for conserving body heat? o Physiological and behavioral o Handout 134 What is the negative feedback control system for regulation of body tempera...

Physiology
PHYS 215
Dr. M Zamlouski-Tucker
PHYS 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 51: Neuropeptide Y, Leptin, Orexin
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Lecture 21 (part 2) energy balance and temperature regulation 11122018 What is the relationship between energy balance and total body weight? o The total energy content of the body is related to body weight How do we chang...

Physiology
PHYS 215
Dr. M Zamlouski-Tucker
PHYS 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 50: Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Sigmoid Colon, Ascending Colon
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Lecture 20 (part 2) digestive systemenergy and temperature regulation 11122018 What are the structures of the large intestine? o Fig 16-26 o Cecum (blind ended-pouch) and appendix o Ascending colon o Transverse colon o Des...

Physiology
PHYS 215
Dr. M Zamlouski-Tucker
PHYS 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 49: Bile Acid, Sodium Bicarbonate, Micelle
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Lecture 19 (part 2) digestive system cont. 1172018 How is fat absorbed by small intestine? o Fig 16-16 and 16-17 and 16-24 o Handout 128 o Fat absorption in small intestine is considered active or energy-requiring Why are ...

Physiology
PHYS 215
Dr. M Zamlouski-Tucker
PHYS 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 48: Selena Gomez, Vagus Nerve, Gastrin
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Lecture 18 (part 2) - digestive system cont. 1172018 What is the role of hormone gastrin? o Four roles 1. Responsible for growth and maintain of cells of the stomach and small intestine 2. Stimulates HCl secretion 3. Stimu...

Physiology
PHYS 215
Dr. M Zamlouski-Tucker
PHYS 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 47: Gastric Pits, Pernicious Anemia, Autocatalysis
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Lecture 17 (part 2) digestive system 1152018 What are the anatomical parts of the stomach? o Upper part Fundus o Middle part Body o Lower part Antrum What are rugae? o Stomach folds that increase the surface area of the st...

Physiology
PHYS 215
Dr. M Zamlouski-Tucker
PHYS 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 46: Portal Vein, Enterohepatic Circulation, Bile Acid
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Lecture 16 (part 2) digestive system cont. 1152018 What is peristalsis? o Wave of contraction along parts of the GI tract o Starts in esophagus and transmitted along the GI tract o Purpose push food forward o Fig 16-7 What...

Physiology
PHYS 215
Dr. M Zamlouski-Tucker

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