April 8, 2013 – The Cold War
1945 – 2 atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima, Japan which ended the Pacific War
The Cold War that developed afterwards was characterized by an arms race and the fighting of
smaller wars around the globe where the Soviets and the US backed other countries.
- Fought out in Korea, the Middle East, CentralAmerica, etc.
The two super powers after WWII were the USSR and the USA.
The Big Three included Stalin, FDR, and Churchill. They met multiple times during WWII
- Stalin did not trust FDR and Churchill, but all had a common enemy in Germany
At a meeting in Teheran, they decided to invade the west. This was a success to the Soviets
because theAllies finally made a commitment to open the west.
Feb 1945 – they meet again at Yalta to discuss the end of the war.At this time atomic weapons
had not been guaranteed and the US was afraid the war against Japan would drag on.
- Churchill and Stalin agreed they would be a part of a United Nations and would try to
convince other nations to join as well
Everyone was suspicious of Stalin and didn’t think he would join in the war against Japan
They then decided Germany would be divided in to 4 area occupied by the Soviets, the US,
Britain, and France
- Stalin did not want to give France a zone of occupation
- Stalin demanded the Soviets receive a 20 billion dollar reparation from Germany
- FDR and Churchill didn’t want more consequences of a harsh peace
o The reparations were never settled and were to be decided later
By the time of Yalta, democracies were being set up in France and Italy, so the only problem left
was the future of the Middle East (Romania, Bulgaria, and Hungary)
- Further distrust increased between Stalin and FDR
- Poland caused most of the mistrust about how its government would be decided
o FDR was afraid of the Russians spheres of influence - Stalin was beginning to set up a Communist government, but Churchill and FDR argued
that Poland should hold Democratic elections, but Stalin was afraid of a hostile Polish
At the conclusion of the war the RedArmy controlled Poland and Stalin would not leave it.
Most Poles despised Germany and the Soviets because they’d been invaded at the beginning of