HIST1083 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Tyrant, Roundhead, Constitutionalism

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Published on 11 Oct 2016
Department
Course
Professor
Anarchy in the UK: The English Revolutions (1534-1688)
Introduction
150 year struggle between different factions
New Anglican Church
Official state church
Head is the King
Parliament will assert authority
Beheadings
Sets England on a road to modernity
Expansion
Trade
Ahead of other countries
Establish vast global empire
Henry VII
1509-1547
Was defender of Catholic faith
Pope refuses Henry’s annulment request
Was married 6 times
Henry splits from Catholic Church and forms Anglican Church in 1534
Political and personal motivations
Refusal to recognize Henry as head of Church punishable by death
Elizabeth I
1533-1603
Character in the pacification of rival religious factions
compromised: allowed private expression of religion
Still expected total loyalty as queen publicly
Payment of taxes
Want political representation, sell church land
Fought Spanish in Europe and Americas
Rise of new commercial class challenges old order
First real steps to world empire
Puritans
Loose group of Radicals within Anglican Church
For individual and family rights- little commonwealth or state
Purify English society
If strategy not pursued: damned and destruction
Scared to assert themselves because of persecutions
Want to purify English Church of Catholic-like ritual and hierarchy
James I
1603-1625
cousin
Succeeds Elizabeth
Absolutist style
Ruling on divine principle
Hated Puritans
King above the Law
Favored Anglican church rites
Charles I
1625-1649
Son
Absolutist / tyrant
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