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Philosophy 10-21-13.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1070
Professor
Robert Mc Gill
Semester
Fall

Description
Philosophy 10/21/2013 Plato’s Allegory of the Cave Philosophers = Lovers of Wisdom; Genuine moral experts Some people love trivial facts and info Devoted to truth of a kind But, the philosopher’s wisdom is different Distinguish: Knowledge – involves what IS (the true, the good, & the beautiful) Opinion – between  what IS and is NOT (facts, the many good & beautiful things) Ignorance – knowledge of what is NOT (false opinion) Allegory of the Cave Illustrates the obstacles we face in learning what is most real. Symbolizes the relations among different levels of knowledge. Points the way towards a proper education. Story: Prisoners in the cave, chained to chairs. The cave = society The chains = conventions Prisoners can only see shadows. Don’t know what they see isn’t real because it’s all they know. Philosopher breaks free, sees objects/fire/cave. Philosopher is blinded by fire – confused. Finds his way out, even more blinded/confused. Eventually becomes accustomed to the light. Finally sees the light. Sun = The True, The Good Philosopher goes back into cave to save the others. But, the prisoners think they know the truth so they reject him. Conclude: Statement on the human condition, o
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