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Lecture 25

POLI 2403 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Human Resources, Unilateralism, Multilateralism


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 2403
Professor
Bretzke
Lecture
25

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Theory Spectrum and Why States Use
International Organizations
Professor Info
Skype Name: ahopschulz
Number: 781.475.3103
Spectrum of Theories:
Realism (system is
anarchic; focused
on relative
power)
Liberalism (complex
interdependence; focus on
absolute gains)
Far Left
Left
Middle
Middle
Right
Far Right
Classical Realism
Neo-
Realism
Hegemonic
Power
Theory
State
Interests
Institutionalism
Functionalism
Classical realism through institutionalism believe states are unitary, rational actors
Security is a concern for every theory- high politics of war and peace
Neorealism through functionalism include economic interest
Institutionalism and Functionalism also address social issues
Constructivism: all of these concerns, and the theories themselves, are socially constructed
In looking at why states use IO's, focus on institutionalism
States are rational, unitary actors
Going forward with readings, determine which approach is being used in the reading; what
would people from other theories say on the same subject?
States Use of IOs
Realism
o States use IO's if they are in state interest
Hegemonic States:
o States will use IOs to push their national interests
Neo-Realism
o IO will only exist while it is in the interest of a hegemon
Institutionalism
o A hegemon is needed to establish an IO, but not to maintain it
Functionalism
o No need for a central power to start an IO
o Founded because there is a necessity for them because of a complex issue
o Other leaders- UN organizations, etc. Don't need a hegemon itself, just need some sort
of leadership
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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