ENG 571 Lecture 1: History of Methods Notes

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5 Dec 2019
School
Department
Course
Professor
Olivia Pandola
Approach vs Method
Both words work
Layout:
Approach
Method →
Technique
Methods
Grammar Translation Approach
Direct Method
Reform Movement
Reading Approach
Audiolingual Approach
Oral-Situational Approach
Cognitive Approach
Natural Method
Affective-Humanistic Approach
Designer Methods (Silent way, TPR, Suggestopedia,
Community Language Learning)
Communicative Approach
Grammar Translation
Writing/Reading
Only focus on vocab & grammar
Teacher only needs to be proficient in writing & vocab, not
speaking/listening
Dead languages good for:
Could be used for Latin bc people don’t speak Latin
anymore
Still useful in some situations, depending on goal of learner
Deductive
Direct Method
Focus on learning lang in the classroom context
Use a lot of gestures, pictures
Still used today; common in Europe
Teacher needs to be proficient in target lang
Reform Movement
Creation of IPA
Reading Approach
When students take a lang, best hope is that they can read
the lang.
Focuses on vocab and grammar for reading
Audiolingual
Approach
Learn through conditioning
Habitual learning
Simple to complex vocab
First speaking/listening, then reading/writing
Derived in U.S.
More behaviorist
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