HRT 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Hot Air Ballooning, Case 39, Summary Judgment

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Chapter 3
Discrimination (37)
The act of treating some people different from and less
favorably than others.
place of public accommodation (37)
a variety of business establishments open to to the public
landmark decision (38)
court decision that sets a precedent marking a turning point in the interpretation of
law
civil rights laws (38)
statutes that prohibit discrimination.
civil rights (39)
Personal rights that derive primarily from the Constitution,
for example, equal protection, free speech, freedom of
contract, privacy, and due process.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 (39)
A federal statute that prohibits discrimination on the basis of
race, color, religion, or natural origin.
4 protected classes of the Act
-race
-color
-religion
-national origin
4 types of establishments protected by the Act
-hotels
-restaurants
-places of entertainment
-gas stations
Scopes of the act
-interstate commerce (1)
-public place of accommodation: lodging establishments, sit-down dining facilities,
places of entertainment, gas stations (2, 3)
-someone is discriminated
Act amended version
includes gender in its protected classes
Interstate commerce (40)
business affecting more than one state, as opposed to business done between two
parties in the same state
-lodging and dining establishments serving interstate travelers
-food served in a restaurant has ingredients from out of state
-entertainment traveling groups, concerts, athletic teams, etc.
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Transient (40)
person passing through a place for only a brief stay or sojourn
Examples of places of entertainment
-sports stadiums
-arenas
-auditoriums
-bowling alleys
-health spas
-beach clubs
-golf clubs
-movie theatres
Injunction (43)
court order forbidding a party to a lawsuit from engaging in specified acts
National origin (49)
country where people were born or from which their ancestors came
Unitary rule (51)
rule enforcing the Civil Rights Act when a covered facility is located within a
non-covered business and vice versa
Readily achievable (64)
easily accomplishable without great difficulty or expense
American with Disabilities Act(60)
A federal law that bars discrimination against people with
disabilities. The scope of the act includes both employment
and access to places of public accommodation.
Examples of remedies under the Act
-injunctive relief
-reasonable attorney's fees, charged by attorney for a
successful plaintiff
Unitary rule
-stores, barber shops,, beauty parlors, transportation
facilities, bars and colleges NOT covered by the Act
-business is within an establishment covered by the Act, it is
automatically also covered by the Act and vice versa
Exempt establishments
-bed and breakfast operations: control who stays the night
and sleeps in their home
-private clubs
State Civil Rights Laws
-covered facilities expanded and now includes: bars, stores,
clinics, hospitals, barber and beauty shops, libraries, schools,
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