BMRT 11009 Lecture Notes - Lecture 45: Transformational Leadership, Organizational Culture, Ingroups And Outgroups
SchoolKent State University
DepartmentBusiness Management and Related Technologies
Course CodeBMRT 11009
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APPLYING SITUATIONAL THEORIES
How can you make situational theories work for you?
Step 1 Identify important outcomes.
Step 2 Identify relevant leadership behaviors.
Step 3 Identify situational conditions.
Step 4 Match leadership to the conditions at hand.
Step 5 Decide how to make the match.
The USES of TRANSFORMATIONAL
– Employees are encouraged to pursue organizational goals over self-interests.
– Leaders are influenced by individual characteristics and organizational culture.
– Whereas transactional leaders try to get people to do ordinary things,
transformational leaders encourage their people to do exceptional things.
FOUR KEY BEHAVIORS of
1. Inspirational motivation: “Let me share a vision that transcends us all.”
2. Idealized influence: “We are here to do the right thing.”
3. Individualized consideration: “You have the opportunity to grow and excel here.”
4. Intellectual stimulation: “Let me describe the great challenges we can conquer
IMPLICATIONS of TRANSFORMATIONAL
LEADERSHIP for MANAGERS
1. It can improve results for both individuals and groups.
2. You can prepare and practice being transformational.
3. It should be used for ethical reasons.
The ETHICAL THINGS TOP MANAGERS
SHOULD DO TO BE EFFECTIVE TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERS
Source: These recommendations were derived from J.M. Howell and B.J. Avolio, “The Ethics of
Charismatic Leadership: Submission or Liberation?” The Executive, May 1992, pp. 43-54.
Copyright ©McGraw-Hill Education. Permission required for reproduction or display.
Jim, a manager, uses rewards and discipline to motivate subordinates, but does this as a way of
helping them reach their full potential. This is called
A. contingent leadership.
B. transformational leadership.
C. developmental consideration.
D. democratic leadership.
TWO ADDITIONAL PERSPECTIVES (1 of 2)
Leader-member Exchange (LMX) model of leadership
– Emphasizes that leaders have different sorts of relationship with different
In-Group Exchange versus Out-Group Exchange
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