GEO 201 Lecture 2: New Jerusalems in America

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4 Feb 2017
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New$Jerusalem’s$in$America!
!
"17th!century!settlement!patterns!in!British!America!
"1650"!Chesapeake!bay"!first!permanent!British!settlement!around!Jamestown.!!
"1700"!second!region"!New!England!stretching!into!NY!
"1660"60,000!people!of!British!colonist!to!1700!doubled?!
!
British$
"British!came!over!for!business!reasons,!to!set!up!variable!commercial!crops!to!ship!
back!to!England,!2nd!reason!was!religious!freedom.!!
"British!found!Tabaco!to!be!viable!commercial!crop!and!demand!went!up!in!
England.!!
"Tabaco"!is!harsh!and!depleting!to!soil.!About!15!month!cycle"!can!only!use!land!for!
up!to!5!cycles.!So!you!need!to!have!enough!available!land!to!rotate!cultivation"
requires!enormous!amounts!of!land.!!
"In!Chesapeake!bay!area,!king!granted!land!to!investors!who!sold!it!to!farmers.!!
"Required!a!lot!of!labor.!Early!on!indentured!servitude!of!men!from!England!took!
care!for!1st!several!decades.!!
"this!created!2!class!demographics!–!small!elite!investors!and!larger!numbers!
of!working!class.!!
"the!working!class!did!not!have!high!demand!for!imported!goods.!!
"population!was!dominantly!male.!!
"1670’s!indentured!servitude!gave!way!to!slave!labor.!!
"slave!traders!started!entering!the!area.!!
"by!1700:!4!slave!laborers!to!1!indentured!servant.!!
!
"There!was!a!lot!of!water!access,!from!water!small!road!back!into!land!with!large!
house,!then!servants!house,!farmhouses,!and!land.!On!waterfront!there!was!dock!for!
sending!goods.!!
"people!in!Chseapeake!bay!area!had!more!communications!with!England!than!New!
England!area.!!
"Chesapeake!bay!had!no!urbanized!sites,!like!roads!that!connected!into!the!interior.!!
"The!lack!of!urbanization!spread!into!the!south.!Stayed!more!of!a!larger!economy!of!
productions.!!
"Very!little!movement!into!interior.!!
!
1700s$New$England$Area$
"1620’s!specific!Puritan!group!whose!destination!is!Plymouth.!They!were!distinctive!!
in!that!they!created!isolated!town/area!to!organize!their!society.!!
"Massachusets!bay!(boston)!colony,!had!more!interest!in!creating!permanent!trade!
towns.!!
"In!and!around!Boston!was!network!of!Puritan!towns!that!raise!food!to!feed!the!
town!and!to!feed!Boston!with!the!surplus.!!
"Networks!of!small!individual!farms!that!formed!around!River!valleys!like!Hudson!
Valley.!Creates!agriculturally!rich!areas!and!chains!of!people!along!these!valleys.!!
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