GEOG 301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Hudson Valley, Laurentide Ice Sheet, New York State Thruway

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Geography
Lecture 1 - 01/17
1. Think like a geographer: ag, soil, etc.
- Not dry dust geography: boring, dry, a mass of isolated facts; no animating principle
- John Wesley Powell- skilled ee of a geographer
2. Shape of the Land: mountains, trees, buildings
- The earth is not uniformed
3. Landscape: looking in natural perspective
- WHY the shapes of the land have changed
- Human landscape adaptation to the world
- Morphologic eye- critical attention to form and pattern
4. Spatial System or Compage: Overcast view
- Various parts in a large system
- Compage: integrated set of geographic features
- Elements: Regions, Routes, Places, and Boundaries
5. Shaping of the Landscape
- Developments of the past and the future
- Geographical Inertia- Tendency of settlements and roads remain fixed and develops slow
*** Q’s of a Geographer: Where is it? Landscape? How does it look/fit? How has it developed?
Lecture 2 01/19 ( NEW YORK CITY)
1. Primate City: First Rank- Primate of the US
- Capital: head / Metropolis: Mother’s Cit
- New York is the Economic Capital: NOT the Political capital
- Disportionally large and exceptionally expressive
- Rank size rule- largest city in the world will be 2X as large as the second largest city
- 8,175,133 people vs LA with 3,792,621 in 2010
- NY dominates western hemisphere and rest of the countries in many ways such as banking,
finance, etc.
- Selectional domination described as sectional imperialism
- Fifth Avenue- millionaires controlled who owned the railroads, etc.
-  If I a ake it there, I’ll ake it ahere
- New York is said to not be America (Houston and Kansas represent)
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- Location is divided into two by site (characteristics) and situation (directions) by
geographers
2. Site of New York City
- NY is a estuar at outh of the Hudso Rier: deep ad arro droed rier alles
- NY bay flooded Hudson River Valley
- Hudson estuary- lined by higher, rocky grounds and very deep because glaciers melted
and raised waters by spill wave
3. Situation with Respect to the NW Passage
-  Aia  “traits- supposed to be between Asia and America, thought to lie North of
China and Japan and disjoin eastern part of Asia from western part of America
- Hudson river appeared to be a strait of ocean because deep, tidal, and salty for almost
100 miles inland
4. Situation with Respect to New Netherlands
- Water = Highways: Land = Barriers
- A great site and situation
- Situated with Newark Bay, Long Island, extends to Hudson river = Good Trade
5.Situation with Respect to Atlantic Colonies
- Coasting Trade- navigation from harbors of one state to other by oceans: states
- Trade is between Maine and Virginia
6. Situation with Respect to Sugar Islands
- Islands most valuable for exports
- NY is best for trade because winds, location
7. Situation with Respect to Continental Interior
- Advantage of situation for commerce; both foreign and internal
- Vast lines of canals: stretch in all directions
- Do’t hae to trael oer ostales, go through outais, eas ad sooth trael
- Hudson is one of the finest channels for exportation: Key of controlling country along
with canals
- Between Great Lakes and West Hudson: Trade of the world
8. The Great Gateway to America
- Bulk of exports and imports for the US
- All of the US benefits from NY trade because general distributer
- When Erie Canal opened- trade boomed in NY and after Civil War
9. Wall Street
- Replaced London after first World War as a rising financial city
- East River: Best and safest harbor: NY built on it
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- Tontine tavern and coffee house- Stock exchange of NY, built accommodation of merchants;
built by trade
- All information is in the tavern house to benefit others
10. Immigration
- Great gateway to immigrants coming to US
- Leading up to Immigration Act, 75% immigrants entered through NY
Lecture 3- 01/24 (NEW ENGLAND)
1. The New England Slope (general slope)
- Heights in Appalachians to Coast (NW to SE)
- Huston, St.Lawreence Rivers
- North Appalachians: Berkshire, Green, White, Longfellow mountains
- New England Rivers: Connecticut, Merrimac, Kennebec, Penobscot
- New England Rivers run from crest to Atlantic Ocean
- 1600 was named New England/ North of Appalachians was New France
- East Appalachians: Coastal Area: Chesapeake = New England
- New England Proper: Disseter’s colonies: Puritans played a huge part
- New England: offshores, coast, upland and lowland
- Ice sheets covered in 23,000 B.P.- Covered the highest peaks
- Laurentide Ice Sheet: Extended South over New England and reaching greatest extent
23,000 years ago
- Laurentide Ice sheet picks up material with glacier drift and deposits in terminal moraine
(stone, soil, sand moved by glacier)
2. Sub region: Offshore Moraines
- Long Island and Cape Cod are remnants of the terminal moraine of the Laurentide Ice Sheet
- Fishing Banks: George’s/Grand in result to Laurentide Ice Sheet
- Labrador from North and Gulf Stream from South: provide fish habitat
- Home to fishing camps for 120 years before permanent colonization
- Dory men, left in fog/ fishing: improvement to development
- New England = Most Maritime
- Chasing whales led them around the world to trade
3. Sub region: The Coast
- Very rocky, offshore islands, harbors and bays
- Great Migration: brought about 20,000 english to Coastal New England- dissenting
puritains
- West Country: Portsmouth, Plymouth, Bristol, Falmouth, Weymouth, Salisbury
- The West Country brung knowledge of ships- go through English Channel
- Puritans came from East Angelia
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