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Lecture 6

HIST 105 Lecture 6 The Atlantic Slave System.docx

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HIST 105
Brian Rouleau

Feb. 4, 2014 The Atlantic Slave System I. Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World II. Slavery and the Transformation of Virginia ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- I. Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World • Slaves are property, and cargo. • Africans enslaved their own people, not just the Europeans • Slave trade was across the Trans-Atlantic Ocean • 6 out of 7 people who crossed the Atlantic were slaves • This is the largest forced migration in human history • Slavery is what made colonization profitable • Crops (Tobacco, sugar, etc.) is what made the need for slaves such a big thing • Africans, themselves, controlled the means of the slave trade o Europeans didn't have the means to subdue the African peoples on their own. o The arrival of European customers turned an internal slave trade into an external one • Europeans have been enslaving e/o in Europe way before their arrival as customers in the Atlantic Slave Trade • Slavery was NOT a heritable condition (Passed on from mother to child) o There was a chance that their situation could always improve • The Royal African Company (1672-1698) o By the end of the 16th century, they were the dominant slave trading company II. Slavery and the Transformation of Virginia • Slavery in North America was characterized by: o Irrevocability -[once a slave, always a slave] o Heritability -[A condition passed down from mother to child] o Its raci
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