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HIST 106 Review 1.docx

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Texas A&M University
HIST 106

Obstacles to Republican success in Reconstruction Who really won the election of 1876 What did or did not change after the election. A) south opposed everything they did. When Johnson was in office, he vetoed many of their bills, vigorously opposed by democrats, Johnson passed “black codes,” Lincoln’s death. B) Tilman won popular vote and Hayes thought he had lots, turns out he won. Hayes= republican. C) reconstruction ended. “compromise of 1876” where republicans agreed for democrat winning and terms Role of the railroad as a leading sector in the late 19th century What influences did the railroad have in other areas of the economy? How did the railroad affect other industries? A) It paved the way for many more developments. Faster transportation for people and goods. Lumber and steel were then needed to make the tracks, so those industries boomed. B) directly? Railroad increased economy through a growing corporation, transportation, etc. C) indirect? More jobs opened, more steel being made, more lumber being used, more workers to cut lumber down, increase in economy because more lumber was sold, and used, etc. Is “Robber Baron” justifiable? For Andrew Carnegie? How representative was he of other industrialists of his era before and during the Homestead strike? A) Term is justified, because the robber barons were only in it for their profit. However, isn’t that the goal of capitalism? Building your way up in society/company? B) He implemented vertical integration, placed his plant near a river for each energy and transportation. He did come from rags of some sort, but made his way up in society quite easily. He says he wants to be good to workers; however, he paid them low wages which in turn, increased his own profits. Also, workers didn’t have much of a choice in any company pay regardless of where they worked in the U.S. at this time, so he was not a robber baron in the sense that he tried to come to agreements with his employees. Before the strike, he tried to negotiate wages and hours with workers. During the homestead strike, he remained silent. Recognized people had the right to strike, as long as it was peaceful. Gilded Age government has often been characterized as laissez-faire, or non-interference. Is this accurate? A) The government did interfere. They bailed companies out. They only intervened on the companies side though, because if a company crashed, everything else would come crashing down. A bank fails? So do all their companies and the customers and the economy. Therefore, they interfere when it seems like a threat to them. th th Main obstacles to organized labor in the late 18 and early 19 century. A) internal- too many ethnic groups to work together, different beliefs; hard to get together for meetings- sometimes secret meetings were held; too many different groups…skilled workers, steel skilled…lumber skilled…etc. B) external- government intervention, strong and powerful companies What were the most important labor organizations of the late 19th centu
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