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Lecture 1

PSY 110 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Grip Strength, Edward B. Titchener, Wilhelm WundtPremium

2 pages41 viewsFall 2018

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 110
Professor
Roderick Gillis
Lecture
1

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PSY 110
I. History of Psychology
! ! A. Charles Darwin
!! !!! !! ! 1859—!“The Origin of Species”— made Earth changing claims
!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !! ! Theory: developed explanation that may explain observations
!! !!! !!! !!! !!!! !!! Theory of Evolution— Cannot have natural selection w/out variation in gene pool
!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !! !!— Darwin did not know about gene, he called it an internal
“mechanism”
!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !! !!— Contradicted!biblical!notion that all species were!created in
their original form and!
!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !! ! Earth is!only 6,000 years old, etc…
! !!!! !!! !!! !!! !! ! Natural selection— stronger, intelligent, faster animals will survive (Survival of
the Fittest); Only relevant with INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES (in genetic pool)
! ! B. Sir Francis Galton
!! !!! !! ! Both Darwin and Galton were highly intellectual and RICH; Darwin’s cousin
!! !!! !! ! 1884— Set up Anthropometric Lab
!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !! ! Measured height, weight,!grip strength, breathing capacity, memory of visual
forms
!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !! ! Wanted as many test subjects from FAMILIES as possible
!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !! ! Must be some mechanism (“genetics") through which these abilities are passed
on
!! !!! !!! !
! ! C. Wilhelm Wundt 1879/ Titchener 1893
!! !!! !! ! Attempted to apply Scientific Method to psychology in 1879
!! !!! !! ! Used Introspection— trained grad students to introspect/ look!within themselves to
observe reactions/ behaviors (technique fell out of favor as years went on)
!! !!! !! ! School of Structuralism— (NO Structuralists today) Wundt and students looked for
elemental structure of Psychology
!! !!! !! ! Titchener— Wundt’s grad student known as first American psychologist
! ! D. William James 1890/ Principles of Psychology
!! !!! !! ! Wrote!“Principles of Psychology”
!! !!! !! !!— Brother was a famous novelist— Henry James— credited for writing psychological
novels
!! !!! !! !!— Stream of Consciousness—!consciousness!flows like a stream!
!! !!! !! !!— Disagreed with ideas of structuralism and introspection
!! !!! !! !!— School of Functionalism— importance found in FUNCTION of consciousness
!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !!! !! !!— Evolution gives us tendency to connect the dots, etc…
!! !!! !! !!
! ! E. Sigmund Freud 1900
!! !!! !! !!Subconscious/ Unconscious mind
!! !!! !! ! Stars do not shape your personality, but rather shaped by NATURE and NURTURE
!! !!! !!! !! ! EARLY CHILDHOOD experiences!particularly influenced;!especially sexual
development
!! !!! !! ! Also talked about dreams
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