SOC 271 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Ergot, Coyote, Social ControlPremium
1 pages78 viewsFall 2018
SchoolUniversity of Washington
Course CodeSOC 271
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SOC271 Lecture 8 - Structural Functionalism
October 23, 2018
Social control: what societies use to regulate behavior of individuals. To reaffirm norms & set
● Specific institutions to create social control
○ Any institution legally established to regulate behavior
○ Ex: law enforcement (police), parliament, government, etc
● Sources of social control which are generally intended for other purposes
○ Informal systems of social control
○ Far more effective at regulating behavior than formal systems!
○ Ex: families, schools, religious groups, friend-groups, friends, communities
Social structures: can create or influence both deviance and social control
● Theory (now disproven)
● “If a social structure
(including deviance) exists, (and is enduring) it must be performing a
positive function for the society” (professor)
○ Macro level (society vs individual)
○ Deviance allows us to reaffirm norms
■ Shows which rules are important to a society
● And which are no longer so
○ Boundary maintenance:
■ Shows limits of behavior
● Ex: salem witch trials
○ Ergot: Fungus that grew on rye, a hallucinogen, made
people act ‘like they were bewitched’, muscle spasms etc
■ Affirms geographical jurisdiction (ex: Seattle vs Portland laws)
● Ex: Puritans being banished, then banishing Quakers
● Quakers don’t believe in organizational authority
○ Threat to society structure!
○ The ‘need’ to sanction:
■ There will always be deviance. It is needed!
■ Ex: we build prisons… now we need to fill them up with someone
■ Ex: prostitution protects society
● ‘Services undesirables of society’
● ‘Protects legitimate women’ from those ‘undesirables’
● ‘Good for families: protects institution of family’
○ Family: economic unit for procreating & raising children
“COYOTE: call off your old, tired ethics”.
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