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Lecture 3

ANTH 103 Lecture 3: ANTH 103 3. Idea of Culture

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University of Illinois
ANTH 103
A Lee

3. Idea of Culture 2016 12 10 10:44 Habitus The often takenforgranted ways of acting that are acquired through both individual and social experience Symbol Something that stands for something else Culture Learned behaviors and symbols that allow people to live in groups Primary means by which humans adapt to their environment Way of life characteristic of a particular human society Cultural ecology Study of human adaptation to physical and social environment Cultural Prioritizes material behavior in order to study sociocultural systems materialism Enculturation The process of learning to be a member of a particular cultural group Culture and An anthropological perspective that focuses on culture as the principal force personality theory in shaping the typical personality of a society as well as on the role of personality in the maintenance of cultural institutions Ethnoscience A theoretical approach that focuses on the ways in which members of a culture classify their world, and holds that anthropology should be the study of cultural systems of classification Ethnobotany Focuses on the relationship between humans and plants in different cultures Ethnomedicine Focuses on how different cultures perceive health and sickness Cognitive A theoretical approach that defines culture in terms of the rules and anthropology meanings underlying human behavior, rather than behavior itself Structural A theoretical perspective that holds that all cultures reflect similar deep, anthropology underlying patterns and that anthropologists should attempt to decipher these patterns Interpretive A theoretical approach that emphasizes culture as a system of meaning and (symbolic) proposes that the aim of cultural anthropology is to interpret the meanings anthropology that cultural acts have for their participants Functionalism The anthropological theory that specific cultural institutions function to support the structure of society or serve the needs of individuals in society Ecological A theoretical perspective that holds that the ways in which cultural institutions functionalism work can best be understood by examining their effects on the environment
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